Eastern Ontario Model Forest E-News

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Eastern Ontario Model Forest E-News

Welcome to the April issue of the EOMF E-News!  This e-letter will help us keep our members, partners and communities current on all the latest news and events on a regular basis.

EOMF AGM & Spring Gathering – June 17, 2020 (Limerick Forest)
Save the date – June 17, 2020 to attend this year’s Eastern Ontario Model Forest annual general meeting and spring gathering.  Location – Limerick Forest Interpretive Centre, 1175 Limerick Road, North Grenville. More details to follow.
February 2020 Kemptville Winter Woodlot Conference Presentations Available Online
See all the presentations from the 2020 Kemptville Winter Woodlot Conference!  The presentations have been posted in the EOMF website
  • Technology in your Woodlot - Ian Fife, Birds Canada
  • Larose Forest: From Desert to Diverse Forest - Steve Hunter, United Counties of Prescott & Russell
  • Vernal Pool: Not mere puddles - Shaun Thompson, Biologist
  • Timber for Sale: Marketing Forest Products - Jeff Muzzi, Ensyn Technologies Inc.
  • What you can do for your forest - Mark Kuhlberg, Laurentian University
  • 2 Billion Nature Based Climate Solutions - Rob Keen, Forests Ontario 
A look at butternut defence mechanisms!
By Nathalie Chaperon, Natural Resources Canada… “In recent weeks, visitors to the Rio Tinto Alcan Planetarium in Montreal have been admiring 20 photographs taken as part of Canadian scientific research. One image with shimmering colours is particularly attracting attention. Taken by Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) researchers, it illustrates the defence responses of the butternut, or white walnut, tree when attacked by an exotic pathogenic fungus.  A two-year-old butternut (Juglans cinerea) stem inoculated with the Ophiognomonia clavigignenti-juglandacearum fungus… In the laboratory, our researchers inoculated healthy trees with this fungus. They were able to observe the specimens’ defence mechanisms under the microscope, such as compartmentalization, which isolates the infected tissues from the healthy parts of the tree.”  More details
Level 1 and 2 Tree Marking Courses (2020 Schedule)
From Forests Ontario… Level 1 and 2 Tree Marking Courses and Tree Marking Refresher Course are delivered by Forests Ontario and the Canadian Institute of Forestry under agreement with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry.  The training and the resulting certificate are a requirement for silvicultural tree marking on Crown forests and recommended by several municipalities in southern Ontario under their Forest Conservation By-laws.  Note, there are a limited number of positions for each course.   Course dates and further registration information is included in the attached document.  More details
'Tip of the iceberg': is our destruction of nature responsible for Covid-19?
From the Guardian… “Only a decade or two ago it was widely thought that tropical forests and intact natural environments teeming with exotic wildlife threatened humans by harbouring the viruses and pathogens that lead to new diseases in humans such as Ebola, HIV and dengue.  But a number of researchers today think that it is actually humanity’s destruction of biodiversity that creates the conditions for new viruses and diseases such as Covid-19, the viral disease that emerged in China in December 2019, to arise – with profound health and economic impacts in rich and poor countries alike. In fact, a new discipline, planetary health, is emerging that focuses on the increasingly visible connections between the wellbeing of humans, other living things and entire ecosystems.”  More details
Healthy forests mean healthy people
By David Suzuki,… “If you look at a forest top from above or below, you might see a pattern of nicely spaced pathways twisting between the trees. This phenomenon is known as “crown shyness.”  Attempts have been made to explain it, with most experts concluding it’s due to many factors. Despite their crown “social distancing,” many trees communicate with each other through underground fungal networks, or “mycorrhizae”.  We can’t live without trees and forests. They provide oxygen, food, wood, and other resources, and sequester carbon. Forests—and all natural spaces—are also beneficial for our physical and mental health. Numerous studies illustrate how much forest walks can do for heart and respiratory health, immune system function, and lowering stress levels.”  More details
Taking beech bark disease seriously
By Chris Drost, Bancroft This Week… “Humans are not the only ones facing disease that has come from other places. During the 1890s European beech seedlings shipped to Halifax contained a bug that carried infectious fungus that inoculates the beech tree and eventually kills it. It is typically mature trees over eight inches in diameter that are impacted.  Beech bark disease (Nectina coccinea var, faginata) causes severe cankers, deformation of the tree steam and eventually tree mortality either as a direct result of the disease or in combination with other stress factors the tree may be experiencing.  According to Fred Werner, local registered forest professional and director with the Bancroft Chapter of the Ontario Woodlot Association, initially in Ontario, beech bark disease was first evident in remote areas where, through human action, dead beech wood was transported from park to park for recreational purposes. The importance of not moving wood from one area to another cannot be stressed enough, according to Werner.”  More details
Seasonal ban on wood-burning fireplaces in Metro Vancouver begins 2021
By Carlito Pablo,… “Nowadays, most fireplaces are powered by gas, but there are some that use wood. Wood-burning fireplaces and similar appliances like stoves affect air quality, which is a major concern in the Lower Mainland.  Because of this, the Metro Vancouver regional government is moving forward with regulations to control wood burning inside homes.  Starting in 2021, it will be illegal to use wood-burning fireplaces and stoves between May 15 and September 15.”  More details
Tree planting has been the best (and the worst) time of my life
By Brandon Kornelson, The Globe And Mail… “I’m about to begin my fifth season of tree planting. Each year, around this time, I have mixed feelings about the job. Never have I loved a job so much while simultaneously hating it with a ferocious passion. Before a season, after being nestled up in the coziness of my home for the winter months, I begin to romanticize and crave the challenges of life in the bush, along with the friendships and adventure that comes with it. When I start planting, however, I am filled with instant regret.”  More details
Canada is a giant carbon sink. Why are we not getting credit for it?
By Diane Francis, The Financal Post… “The United Nations Paris Agreement and its predecessors are a complete failure and they discriminate against Canada, which is why Canadians should demand changes immediately, or withdraw. There are two main reasons why.  First of all, the agreements exempt the world’s biggest polluters. They do not require all the countries that signed on to reduce emissions.  Secondly, the agreements measure countries based on emissions, but ignore the other side of the environmental balance sheet, which is carbon absorption and offsets. Canada, in fact, is one gigantic carbon sink — an empty land mass with very few people and an abundance of natural features that decarbonize the world.”  More details
The Impact of Climate Change on Forest Operations
By Mark Partington, FPInnovations… “It is undeniable that climate change has an impact on forest operations. Whether it is flash floods, droughts, warmer winters or strong winds, these events affect forest operations in different ways. They are problematic for the maintenance of access roads and transport, soil protection, fire prevention and recovery of wood after disturbance. FPInnovations researchers have taken a closer look at the impacts and are proposing adaptation measures which, for the most part, represent innovative solutions.”  More details
Applications for 50-Million Tree Program open to landowners with a lot of space

From Forests Ontario… “Forests Ontario’s ’50-Million Tree Program’ is now accepting applications for landowners in Durham Region.  The program aims to make large-scale tree planting on private land more affordable.  Rob Keen, CEO of Forests Ontario says it can make planting a tree cheaper than a cup of coffee.  “The funds we collect are given to our [tree planting company] partners and that way they don’t charge the landowner as much,” Keen explained. “[The cost] really depends on the site, how much site preparation might be required, the species of tree that are best suited or what the landowners preferences are, but usually we’re looking at 25 to 50 cents per tree for the landowner.”  It’s open to anyone who owns enough land to plant at least 500 trees.”  More details
Seeing faces in trees correlates to creativity, and cognitive scientists are taking interest
Joseph Brean, National Post… “There are moments in the history of science that become fables about sudden insight, simple storybook scenes, like Archimedes in the bath, Newton under the apple tree or Einstein in the patent office.  Cognitive psychology has the makings of another one in the hobby photography of Ronald Senack, 63, who walks the woods of eastern Ontario, collecting evidence for the wild truth that human minds project into the natural world.  Senack sees faces in things, trees mainly, ghostly apparitions of eyes and mouths in knots of damaged bark or the stains of time on decomposing wood.   He is not a scientist, but he is doing real field work collecting these unusual stimuli, which are being used in academic laboratories around the world in studies of pareidolia, the false recognition of patterns or meanings in nature.”  More details
The information and opinions expressed in the articles posted in the e-letter are those of the authors, they do not necessarily reflect the policy of the EOMF.

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