Eastern Ontario Model Forest E-News

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Eastern Ontario Model Forest E-News

Welcome to the August issue of the EOMF E-News!  This e-letter will help us keep our members, partners and communities current on all the latest news and events on a regular basis.

EOMF/CIF Forestry Christmas Seminar – December 11, 2019, Kemptville, ON
Save the date!  Hosted in partnership with the Eastern Ontario Model Forest and the Ottawa Valley Section of the Canadian Institute of Forestry, this year’s annual seminar theme is "From Seed to Home: Telling the full story of building with sustainably harvested wood".   This this  year’s event will focus on telling the full story of how building with wood is the most sustainable option, from the time the tree is planted in the forest to when the final product is used for the build.  We will hear how a forest can be managed for multiple forest values such as recreation, wildlife and clean water, all while providing a continuous supply of wood to feed the local mill.  We will also hear how building codes are changing to allow for taller wood structures, and how new technology can produce stronger wood products with less to meet these demands.  This will be a great opportunity for those who wish to understand why building with wood is a good choice, from both an ecological and engineering perspective.   A detailed agenda and registration information will follow and will be posted on the EOMF website.
Expo Bois et Forêt / Wood & Forest Exhibition – Riceville, ON (September 8, 2019)
This one day event is to promote wood and forest-related products and services provided by individuals, companies and organizations from eastern Ontario.   Some of the exhibitors include – artisans; forestry consultants; forest contractors; maple syrup producers; saw millers; forestry and wood conversion machinery &  equipment suppliers; woodlot owner organizations; educational, training and information institutions; and many others.  More details
Ontario Tree Marking Program – 2019 Training Schedule
From Forests Ontario…  “Level 1, Level 2 and Refresher tree marking courses are scheduled for 2019, and offered by the Forests Ontario / Canadian Institute of Forestry collaborative under agreement with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry.   A Level 1 Tree Marking Course is scheduled for September 9-13, 2019 and a 1.5 day Refresher Course will be offered on October 1 & 2, 2019.  More details & registration information.
Government Cuts May Result in Ontario Invasive Plant Council Closing!
From the OIPC… Woodlot owners and managers, both private and public, have benefitted from the Ontario Invasive Plant Council’s (OIPC) resources on how to control invasive species.The recent Ontario government budget cut our assistance toand we are in imminent danger of having to close our doors.Some of the many publications that will no longer be available, either in hard copy or on our website include A Guide to the Identification and Control of Invasive Species in Ontario’s Hardwood Forests, Guide to the Identification and Control of Exotic Invasive Species in Ontario, Quick Reference Guide to Invasive Plant Species and the species-specific Best Management Practices documents on buckthorn, dog-strangling vine, garlic mustard and wild parsnip.Our library of past webinars will also disappear and of course without your help, there will be none produced in 2020.  OIPC website (mailing address)
In times of climate crisis, trees are crucial urban infrastructure
By Allison Hanes, Montreal Gazette… “
The climate crisis is making life unbearable — and even dangerous — on a continent where only about five per cent of citizens have air conditioning.  As Montreal and other cities around the world increasingly seek ways to mitigate the impact of extreme heat — which is only expected to intensify as climate change wreaks havoc — new research offers some valuable data about the importance of trees in this effort.  A Concordia University biology professor set out to quantify the cooling power of trees in an urban environment.”  More details
Forest Pest Management Forum 2019 – Ottawa, ON (December 3–5, 2019)
Save the Date!  Organized by Natural Resources Canada in support of the National Forest Pest Strategy, the Forum is the largest and most significant gathering of forest pest management experts, managers and practitioners in Canada. The objectives are to share information on current and future pest conditions, pest control operations, environmental issues and the development of alternatives to chemical insecticides, as well as to discuss new technology and the latest research findings.  More details
Research group targets Peterborough County area for old-growth forests
By Noor Ibrahim, Global News… “A research group is focusing on the Peterborough area as it maps old-growth forests in Ontario.  Ancient Forest Exploration and Research (AFER) is trying to expand the knowledge of old-growth forests.   “An old-growth forest is a forest that has ideally been untouched for over 140 years,” said Carling Dewar, a forest ecologist with AFER.  Dewar and her team of three at AFER, headed by chief scientist Dr. Peter Quinby, are starting with the trees in Peterborough County to eventually conserve them.  More details
Most animals don't eat wood. So why do they eat bark?
By Tom Spears, Ottawa Citizen… “Many forest animals eat trees — beavers, deer, squirrels and porcupines among them.  But like a kid who licks the icing off a cake, they stop at the surface layer, the bark and branch tips. Nothing much eats the wood itself, except termites.  This curious food preference is the result of how trees build their trunks and branches in the first place, says Paul Keddy, a former University of Ottawa professor who lives in a sprawling expanse of Lanark County forest.  And he says that the constant war between bark-eaters and the trees they try to eat shapes the forests they live in.”  More details
How tall is the tallest tree in the world?
By Melissa Breyer,… “Humans are the funniest species; and I don't mean in a stand-up-comic kind of way. Just because we send people to the moon and have invented things like smartphones, we think we're the coolest organisms out there.  But you know what other organism are cool?  Well, all of them actually, besides mosquitoes ... but I'm heading towards trees here, because trees are just really, truly magnificent.  Among many impressive traits, their stature is one thing that really sets them apart from all the other living things.  They may be rooted in the ground unable to move laterally, but they stretch and soar, exploring the realm of the birds as they reach for the sky.  The tallest known living tree is a coast redwood called Hyperion, which was 380 feet and 1 inch (115.85 meters) when it was last measured in 2017.  Discovered in California's Redwood National Park in 2006, Hyperion is around 1,200 years old and is currently growing 1.5 inches per year.”  More details
St. Thomas to be hub of Ontario's mass timber revolution
By Northern Ontario Business Staff,… “Tembec founder Frank Dottori is fronting the establishment of Ontario’s first cross-laminated timber (CLT) plant in southwestern Ontario.  St. Thomas will be the site for a $32-million fully-automated manufacturing plant that will create more than 60 jobs.  “This one would probably be the biggest industrial fabricator of CLT in North America," said Dottori last winter in an interview with Northern Ontario Business.  The aim was to have the CLT plant in operation by August 2020.” More details
Homeowners again offered cash to join battle against ash borer
From CBC News… “The City of Ottawa and a local conservation authority are teaming up once again to recruit residents in their fight against the destructive emerald ash borer.  For the second year in a row, the city and South Nation Conservation are offering Ottawa homeowners up to $500 per tree to remove and replace trees damaged by the invasive beetle. There's a 10-tree limit per participant.”  More details
Mosquitoes: Life Under Tension
By Declan McCabe,… “A good friend was in touch; her son was enduring allergic reactions to mosquitoes and, like any good parent, she sought solutions. I told her that the most practical, non-toxic way to deal with the problem was to consider a mosquito's lifecycle, and interrupt it where it starts.”  More details
Canada needs to triple the amount of protected land and water to tackle 'nature emergency': report
By John Paul Tasker, CBC News… “Against a backdrop of shocking declines in the health of the world's ecosystems and species, a new report from the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) says the federal government must commit to much more ambitious targets to protect the country's land and water if it's to have a chance of staving off a "nature emergency."  The report says biodiversity is declining faster than at any other time in human history — over one million species worldwide are facing extinction, according to a recent, ground breaking study.  It argues Canada must adopt aggressive measures beyond current targets by promising to protect and restore 30 per cent of all the country's land and inland waters by 2030 — about 330 million hectares.”  More details
Massive reforestation is key to averting a climate catastrophe
By Mark Maslin & Simon Lewis, The World Economic Forum… “Restoring the world’s forests on an unprecedented scale is “the best climate change solution available”, according to a new study. The researchers claim that covering 900m hectares of land – roughly the size of the continental US – with trees could store up to 205 billion tonnes of carbon, about two thirds of the carbon that humans have already put into the atmosphere.  While the best solution to climate change remains leaving fossil fuels in the ground, we will still need to suck carbon dioxide (CO₂) out of the atmosphere this century if we are to keep global warming below 1.5˚C. So the idea of reforesting much of the world isn’t as far-fetched as it sounds.”  More details
What are moon trees?
By Angela Nelson,…  “The story of moon trees starts in 1971, when Apollo 14 launched a mission to the moon.  The mission pilot was Stuart Roosa, a former U.S. Forest Service smoke jumper. When he was selected for the job, a few of his Forest Service colleagues asked him to take hundreds of tree seeds into space with him.  He agreed.  Seeds were collected from five types of trees: Loblolly pine, sycamore, sweetgum, redwood, and Douglas fir. The seeds were sorted — there were 400-500 total — and another set of seeds remained on Earth as a control sample.”  More details
Old B.C. trees produce mutations over time that could be key to growth success
The Canadian Press… “Researchers collected DNA from the tops of some of Canada's tallest trees to search for mutations that could provide evidence of how the ancient forest giants evolve to survive. 
It involved ascending 20 Sitka spruce trees on Vancouver Island, averaging 80 metres tall and ranging in age from 220 to 500 years old, to reveal that the old-growth trees developed mutations to their genetic code as they grow and age.”  More details
Climate Change: What is being done around the world to plant trees?
By Manish Pandey, BBC News… “Planting trees is now the best way to tackle rising temperatures and climate change, according to a study this week from a group of scientists.  Trees absorb carbon dioxide which means they can help to stop rising temperatures around the world.  They also keep soil moist and reduce the risk of flooding.  So if this is really "the best climate change solution available today" what is being done around the world to plant more trees?”  More details
Fighting climate change may be cheaper and more beneficial than we think
By Emily Chung, CBC News… “In a cartoon that went viral before the Copenhagen climate summit in 2009, a conference presentation lists some of the side benefits of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, from cleaner air to green jobs, as a man in the audience asks: "What if it's a big hoax and we create a better world for nothing?"  Ten years after U.S. cartoonist Joel Pett penned that cartoon, there is stronger scientific consensus than ever that climate change is real, and more and more evidence that fighting climate change has positive side effects or "co-benefits."  Environmental researchers and policy advisers now say it's crucial to take those into account when making decisions about climate change mitigation and adaptation.” More details
The beauty (and hazards!) of walking in the woods – Beware of the bears
From PFInnovations – The Blog… “With nearly 350 million hectare of forest, Canada offers almost limitless access to wilderness. Whether it is for professional purposes or for recreational activities such as camping, hiking, fishing, hunting, or bird watching, there are many reasons for enjoying the natural beauty of the outdoors. However, we must always keep in mind that the forest is also home to many wild animals.  More details
The wrong kind of trees: Ireland's afforestation meets resistance
By Rory Carroll, The Guardian… “Ireland is ramping up its response to the climate crisis by planting forests – lots of forests. East, west, north, south, the plan is to plant forests, the more the better.  From having just 1% forest cover in 1900, Ireland now has 11%, covering 770,000 hectares. It has just committed to planting 8,000 more hectares each year to reach 18% coverage.  But some in Ireland have a problem with the great green vision. They say Ireland is planting the wrong sort of forests – dark, dank abominations that kill wildlife, block sunlight and isolate communities.”  More details
Provinces must act on species protection: report
By Andrea Gunn, The Western Star… Provincial governments are failing to protect species at risk, according to a new federal report.  As part of the federal government’s 2018 commitment to track and report on critical habitat protection for terrestrial species at risk, the Department of Environment and Climate Change released its initial report last week, the first of a series of twice-yearly reports examining species at risk.  The assessment reviews the provincial and territorial laws across the country, affecting the habitat of more than 200 threatened or endangered plants and animal species, including moss, flowers, turtles, snakes, mammals and more.”  More details
8 surprising wild plants you can eat
By Angela Nelson,… “When you're in the woods, think of the greenery around you like a salad waiting to be made. You just have to choose your ingredients very carefully, because the wrong ones could make you sick.  These plants, which are pretty recognizable in the wild, are generally safe to consume.”  More details
One tree at a time: More than 136,000 trees planted by SNC this spring
From  “South Nation Conservation (SNC) has planted more than 136,000 native trees and shrubs this spring planting season across its 4,384 square-kilometer jurisdiction in Eastern Ontario through forestry programs, municipal and community partnerships, tree giveaways and planting events.  “We work with our 16 member municipalities, local landowners and community partners to plant trees and shrubs to create a greener summer and future, and to increase local forest cover,” explains Cheyene Brunet, SNC Forestry Technician. “We’re extremely happy with how many trees we planted this spring.”  More details
Rainy spring leaves widespread tree fungus
By Megan Stacey, The London Free Press… “A tree fungus that thrives on wet springtime weather has spiked in parts of Southwestern Ontario this year after months of cool and rainy conditions.  Provincial forestry officials say anthracnose fungus has been spotted across Ontario — brown or black blotches on the leaves are a telltale sign, and in severe cases, the leaves can be distorted and curled up — hitting maple, ash, beech and other trees in southern and northeastern parts of the province.”  More details
Tree planting 'has mind-blowing potential' to tackle climate crisis
Damian Carrington, The Guardian… “Planting billions of trees across the world is by far the biggest and cheapest way to tackle the climate crisis, according to scientists, who have made the first calculation of how many more trees could be planted without encroaching on crop land or urban areas.  As trees grow, they absorb and store the carbon dioxide emissions that are driving global heating. New research estimates that a worldwide planting programme could remove two-thirds of all the emissions that have been pumped into the atmosphere by human activities, a figure the scientists describe as “mind-blowing”.  More details
Group of biologists tries to bury the idea that plants are conscious
Ian Sample Science, The Guardian… “The gardening gloves are off. Frustrated by more than a decade of research which claims to reveal intentions, feelings and even consciousness in plants, more traditionally minded botanists have finally snapped. Plants, they protest, are emphatically not conscious.  The latest salvo in the plant consciousness wars has been fired by US, British and German biologists who argue that practitioners of “plant neurobiology” have become carried away with the admittedly impressive abilities of plants to sense and react to their environments.”  More details
Science of Summer: Learning how new trees may help an old forest
By Tom Spears, Ottawa Citizen… “Future forests could still look like today’s forests as the climate warms, but they may need a new set of genes.  Genetically, a pine tree in Ottawa is different from one in Pennsylvania. Each has adapted over time to its local climate.  And as the Ottawa Valley warms — especially as summers become hotter and drier — those southern pines may be the kind we need.  Then again, we might need to plant different tree species entirely. A third possibility: we can stay mainly with the trees we have now.  With all of these possible futures in the cards, Canada’s foresters are starting a long-term experiment at the Petawawa Research Forest, testing various methods of adapting to climate change before it’s too late.” More details
The information and opinions expressed in the articles posted in the e-letter are those of the authors, they do not necessarily reflect the policy of the EOMF.

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