July-August 2016  |  Volume 28 Issue 4

The extractive sector, mainly consisting of oil, gas and minerals, has great potential to contribute to economic growth. The huge potential benefits notwithstanding, extractives are also associated with a host of problems, including environmental degradation, conflicts, poverty, health problems, corruption as well as adverse impact on biodiversity, ecosystems and local communities. The experiences of Nigeria, DR Congo and Central African Republic testify to the potential for conflict in extractives. In recent years, the Horn of Africa has experienced a mineral boom. With the right institutions and policies put in place this mineral bonanza could well be an asset that helps sustain the rapid economic growth the region has registered in recent years. Apart from the usual suspects of governance problems the extractive sector in the HoA faces some unique challenges. This issue explores these. 

Extractives in the Horn of Africa: Regional potential and challenges

By Muhumuza Didas

The Horn of Africa (HoA) and the greater Eastern Africa region has increasingly become a new frontier for extractives with numerous discoveries and exploitation of mineral resources and hydro-carbons (oil and gas), large scale agricultural projects, large scale quarrying and sand mining among others. The extractive sector is becoming pivotal to numerous African economies and more so the HoA region. This article focuses on the mainstream extractive sector involving the mining of precious metal and minerals plus exploitation of hydro-carbons. continue reading


Oil in Somalia: Renewed interest in Somali oil

By Jakob Grandjean Bamberger,Kristian Skovsted

While most of Somalia is still characterised by clan strife and the al-Shabaab insurgency, the establishment of the AU-backed Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) in Mogadishu, and the relatively stable governments in Somaliland and Puntland, have resulted in a renewed interest in Somali oil exploration. This article, through selected examples, illustrates how this oil exploration is exacerbating and complicating already existing conflicts and highlight possible mitigating policy responses. continue reading


More in this issue

Avoiding the local resource curse in Turkana, Kenya

By Kennedy Mkutu Agade

"Development by dispossession?" A reappraisal of the Adola Gold Mine in southern Ethiopia

By Asebe Regassa Debelo

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Horn of Africa Bulletin, Volume Volume 28, No. Issue 4, July-August 2016

Editorial information

This publication is produced by the Life & Peace Institute (LPI) with support from the Bread for the World, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and Church of Sweden International Department. The donors are not involved in the production and are not responsible for the contents of the publication.

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The Horn of Africa Bulletin is a regional policy periodical, monitoring and analysing key peace and security issues in the Horn with a view to inform and provide alternative analysis on on-going debates and generate policy dialogue around matters of conflict transformation and peacebuilding. The material published in HAB represents a variety of sources and does not necessarily express the views of the LPI.

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