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December 2022

  • Winner: IFLA Africa End of year Greeting Card Competition
  • IFLA World Congress 2023: Update
  • IFLA World names new office bearers
  • ASLA Emerging Professional Medal: Kene Okigbo
  • IFLA Africa Award
  • AJLA Issue #5: Sense of Place in Contemporary Design
  • IFLA Africa Newsletter
  • The African Landscape Network (ALN)
  • Reflections on the Arabic name for "Landscape Architect"
  • Nature Positive Universities
  • IFLA Africa Asia Pacific Middle East (AAPME) Publication
Upcoming events
  • Talk and Share 5: and Transformation of Landscape Education in the face of Climate Change.
Past events
  • Garden Expo- Morocco
  • Architectural Association of Kenya (AAK) President's Dinner
  • Jomo Kenyatta University of Technology (JKUAT)
  • University of Nairobi: Career Talk
As you may have noticed, from time to time I invite a guest to write for the column. In the past, Carey Duncan, Immediate past President IFLA Africa and Bernard Oberholzer, a co-editor of the African Journal of Landscape Architecture (AJLA), have contributed. My only guideline to the authors is that they write about an issue that us close to their heart.
This month, Dr Dennis Karanja is my guest. Dennis is an architect and landscape architect based in Nairobi, Kenya. He is the academic Chair of the Department of Landscape Architecture, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and technology (JKUAT). He also serves on the Editorial Panel of the AJLA and the IFLA Students Competitions Working Group.
As the end of the year approaches I'd like to wish a Blessed Christmas to those who celebrate it, and season's greetings and a successful 2023 to everyone!
Graham Young.

Landscapes are changing rapidly as we seek to extract precious metals and stones, construction material, farming for food and fibre, and as we promote commerce and development. All these changes are happening despite climate variability, and amidst wide ranging calls to be more sustainable in our design and practice.
The Africa Landscape Convention exhorts landscape architects with the ‘duty to care for and ensure that the distinctive characteristics and potential of their landscapes are not compromised through insensitive or inappropriate change, and that their communities are not diminished or endangered by inappropriate development.’ This call to sustainable use of resources is among other strategies to stem indiscriminate change.  To ensure this call to sustainability is not highfalutin, there should be tools accessible to landscape architects to evaluate landscape sustainability. The Landscape Performance Approach (LPA) has a clear and accessible set of tools which can be applied to the local landscape context and scale to measure sustainability.
We applied LPA to case study of Naboisho Eagle View Camp, Maasai Mara to test it claims to sustainability. The camp was designed to promote wildlife protection and conservation through minimal interference with the existing landscape and site ecology.   Among the metrics that are measured are environmental sustainability and benefits such as land efficiency, water conservation and energy use. Others are habitat creation and conservation, construction materials and methods and job creation. Here, I only focus on water conservation and habitat creation.
Most of Kenya is water scarce and it is prudent for landscapes that we design to promote sustainable consumption and production of resources. Naboisho Eagle view camp sits on 29 acres of land, in a predominantly dry savannah landscape.

Water conservation: In the case study we compared the zero consumption of water to that of a conventional watered lawn landscape. By proposing a landscape conservation strategy that utilises native plants which naturally regenerate with seasonal changes and rain patterns, the designers eliminated the need for irrigation. Based on the local water tariffs for Narok County i.e. US$1.7 per cubic metre, and compared to a conventional lodge with irrigated lawns, we estimated that the eco-lodge saves approximately US$35,000 annually.  The limitation of this measurement was that there are no standard rates for irrigation of lawns in Kenya apart from turf specific recommendations. However, we used an average based on consultation with private irrigation companies and landscape architects. For comparison purposes, the method assumed that the landscape would be irrigated every day.
  Expected usage on 29 Acres
Item Irrigated landscape
 Additional water  consumption in cubic metres per day  58
per month  1,740
 Cost* in US$ per month  2,958
Annual  35,496

Habitat creation, preservation and  restoration: Naboisho conservancy is situated within the greater Maasai Mara reserve, crucial habitat for a variety of plants and animals. This landscape provides grazing grounds for wildlife outside the boundaries of national parks, is part of grazing grounds for livestock kept by the local communities. More than 70% of wildlife in Kenya live outside national parks, meaning these landscapes, unless properly managed, potentially become areas of human-wildlife conflict.
We used aerial imagery to estimate vegetation cover before and after establishment of the Eagle view camp. There was 180% increase of vegetation cover between the years 2012 and 2017. The operators of the facility established a tree plantation with more than 100,000 indigenous trees, with reforestation along River Talek improving the micro-climate. There were increased sightings of more than 300 species of birds, and smaller wildlife.

 Vegetation cover in 2012                                                                  Vegetation cover in 2017   

We estimated vegetation cover from Google Earth Pro images taken in 2017. While not very clear they provided rough estimates of areas covered by the vegetation. Since ground covers are more prone to seasonal weather variations they were not included in the estimates.
The LPA toolset offers three value propositions.  One is the basis for more effective management of conserved and designed landscapes. Two, findings inform future decisions and bridge the gaps around design, development and policy, and  three is reduction of risk for investors and strengthening advocacy, evidence bases for decision making. LPA, though useful, has its limitations which can be overcome by having clear documentation of design and construction, and management processes. It works  very well for post-occupancy evaluations for sustainability.

The LPA tools are accessible at
Two versions of the case study discussed are published here
Dennis Karanja is an architect and landscape architect based in Nairobi, Kenya. He is academic chair, Department of Landscape Architecture, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. He serves in the editorial panel the African Journal of Landscape Architecture, and the IFLA Students Competitions Working Group


We had some amazing entries this year but the selection committee unanimously chose the entry by Clare Burgess. Her winning entry is now IFLA Africa's official end of year greeting card for 2022. Congratulations to Clare and all the best wishes to our readers from the IFLA Africa ExCo and the newsletter team!.

Clare Burgess trained in England and emigrated to South Africa in 1981. She practices landscape architecture in Cape Town and specialises in community based work and private garden design. She particularly enjoys working with plants and design and loves living in the Mediterranean climate zone of the Western Cape with its unique Fynbos eco-system.
After 40 years of working within the landscape industry she is winding down her teaching and professional practice, but her role as Chairperson of TreeKeepers Cape Town is definitely speeding up.
The urban forests of our all Africa’s cities are under immense threat from development and human population movement and the first part of Nature to lose out is often the trees. With climate change and densification increasing their tempo, the trees and the habitat that they enable & protect, may be the only bit of natural landscape that modern city dwellers will experience in the future. So please help us to ‘Keep our trees standing tall’.
Kenya and Sweden will be hosting IFLA 2023 in September 2023. Both countries are jointly planning a bilateral congress under the theme: 'Emergent Interaction' that aims to explore new forms of collective problem-solving, borderless strategies and possible networks of ideas and cooperation while at the same time keeping the issues of climate change and social equality and biodiversity loss at the forefront of the IFLA World Congress 2023.
Subscribe to IFLA 2023's newsletter for regular updates about all the important details of the 2023 World Congress, such as keynote speakers and after-congress activities, to information about issues of practical nature such as visa, accommodation, accessibility and more. Visit the official IFLA2023 website, and follow and like the Instagram and Facebook pages for more updates.

We are happy to announce the appointment of Graham Young, our president as the Vice-President of IFLA world and Jala Makhzoumi as the Acting President for the IFLA Middle East region. Read more about it here from the IFLA president Bruno Marques.
Jala Makhzoumi is the acting president for the IFLA Middle East region   Graham Young is the new IFLA Vice President
Kene Okigbo is a licensed landscape architect with RDG Planning & Design who generally works within urban design or parks/open spaces. Though born in Nigeria, Kene spent formative years in Kenya before relocating to the United States. He has long been an advocate for the role of landscape architects in environmental and social justice, canvasing for local legislation to preserve clean water, wildlife, and parks in 2014.

Photo credit: RDG Planning & Design

Active in North Dakota State University’s student chapter of ASLA, he served as Vice President before graduating in 2015 with his Bachelor of Landscape Architecture and Bachelor of Science in Environmental Design. Soon after graduating, Kene became the Emerging Professionals Chair of the ASLA Nebraska/Dakotas Chapter and followed this by serving as spokesperson for his State’s landscape architects when communicating the value of our work to Washington D.C. congresspeople and senators in 2016, 2018, and 2019.

Photo credit: RDG Planning & Design

As Kene proceeded in his career, he became increasingly involved in diversity efforts, participating in the ASLA Diversity Summits and guiding strategic DEI communications and initiatives. Kene also served as a member of the Public Relations and Communications Advisory, Honors & Awards, Associate Advisory, LAM Editorial Advisory, Climate Action, and Government Affairs Advisory Committees. In 2019 Kene was elected to the ASLA Board of Trustees, serving as the National Associate Representative. He is a member of the Black Landscape Architects Network and a mentor to both university and secondary school students, helping foster the next generation of landscape architects.
Kene is a recipient of the 2020 ASLA Outstanding Service Award, Omaha’s 2021 Young Urbanist Award, and most recently the 2022 ASLA Emerging Professional Medal. The thread that connects Kene’s pursuits is his belief that landscape architecture, when coupled with devoted practitioners, can and should change the world. Read more about Kene here.

Kene receiving the 2022 ASLA Emerging Professional Medal. photo credit:ASLA/Korey Davis Photography

The call for participation for the new IFLA Africa Award is drawing to a close. The IFLA Africa Award is an honour that IFLA Africa can bestow on a landscape architect. The Award recognises a living landscape architect whose lifetime achievements and contributions have had a unique and lasting impact on the following:
  •  The welfare of the society and the environment.
  • The promotion of the profession of landscape architecture in Africa, through IFLA Africa or on an individual basis.
Nominations for the IFLA Africa Award are welcome from National Associations through their President or Delegate, and from Individual Members of IFLA Africa.
All nominations must be emailed to the CER Chair IFLA Africa Tobiloba Akibo at, by January 31 2023 with the subject line clearly labelled: IFLA AFRICA AWARD 2023.

Please read the full call for participation here

Cape Agulhas (Photo Credit Bernard Oberholzer)

The theme for the AJLA fifth issue, is Sense of Place in Contemporary Design. This issue is planned for April 2023; authors are invited to submit abstracts by 12 February 2023 and full articles by 22 March 2023. Previous issues of the journal as well as the IFLA Africa Newsletter can be accessed at

Registered landscape architects, landscape architectural practices and African education institutions are invited to be listed in the AJLA Directory. Entries to the Directory are currently free of charge. Go to to enter your details and logo.
To better feature the news, updates, and work of the IFLA Africa members and community, the Newsletter committee are looking for contributions from our National Associations and Individual IFLA Africa members in the following areas:
  • New publications or projects you are leading or contributing to that are of particular interest to others in IFLA-AFRICA 
  • Have you been appointed to a new position relevant to the mandate of IFLA-AFRICA?
  • Have you received an award?
  • Have you led or presented at relevant meetings or conferences?
  • Any useful readings links and other resources that you believe will interest other IFLA-AFRICA members?
  • Have you recently taken an online course, or read a book that you found interesting and important for landscape architects in Africa?

  • Include images (of the meeting, site, publication, community, program, landscape project, etc.) along with acknowledgment of the photographer and confirmation that you have copyright permission to use the image.   
  • All contributions should ideally be 300-400 words and the image resolution 200dpi.

We look forward to your contributions!
Submit Your Contribution
Read and share past newsletters here
Every month we will be featuring projects selected from the ALN website; we encourage Member Associations to invite individuals within their networks to submit their profiles and projects to the online map platform. Beyond the aims of adoption of the African Landscape Convention (ALC) and documenting landscape projects across Africa, the ALN also has the added benefit of increasing your visibility on an international scale.
There is a new functionality which allows you to share a specific project outside of the ALN - a great way for you to capitalise on your added visibility which in turn gives good exposure to the ALN. it's a win-win situation.
For educators, the online map is a show and tell of real-life projects that address environmental issues and highlight the application of the UNESCO Sustainable Development Guidelines (SDGs) in the African context. To submit your profile or project please click this link

Photo by GREENinc 2017

This month, we feature the Marula Game Ranch, uploaded to the ALN website by Andrew Kerrin on behalf of the project team.

“Poised against the dramatic geology and hilled environment of the Namibian plateau, the gardens of the Marula Game Ranch residence overlook (and find their root in) the meandering bends of the Schaap River that skirts its edge. Rather than cover an already beautiful hill with endless lush and “exotic” gardens, a more restrained approach was applied when considering the design. The principal strategy behind the landscape is a linear navigation route informed by the idea of a charm bracelet. The metaphor of the bracelet is represented as a primary route or chain that links the residence and the river, with secondary elements/jewels that adorn the central route/chain.
The design focused on the charms of the bracelet (moments scattered along the main navigation routes) providing respite from the harsh environment. These include arched walkway structures, curiosity courtyards, deep rock pools and terraced spaces that replicate the rocky ridges and open riverbed that characterise the site. Read more about the project here .”
This project is a well-designed, economically sound and resilient landscape that sustains, enhances and revitalises the physical, emotional, spiritual and cultural wellbeing of its users; it also fosters places to inspire, creating regenerative settings in which people can flourish. This highlights several African Landscape Convention (ALC) principles,  and also supports the Sustainable Development Goal 11 of Sustainable Cities and Communities. You can read more about the project on the ALN website.

Photo by GREENinc 2017
by Jala Makhzoumi
Translating the professional title, ‘landscape architect’, is a challenge not only in Arabic speaking countries in the Middle East and North Africa, but more broadly, in countries of the global south. The challenge lies partly in translating the word ‘landscape’ but also in finding the Arabic word for ‘architect’.
I will start with ‘landscape’, a word with many meanings, an idea, a cultural construction that is context specific; landscape perception, and valuation, varies from place to place and changes over time. The English ‘landscape’ can be traced to sixteenth century north European cultures. Since, ‘landscape’ the meaning of landscape expanded by disciplines that came to appropriate the word. Artists were responsible for the conception of landscape as scenery, which they expressed through painting and the visual arts. Geographers advanced the concept of landscape as an expression of place and culture. Ecologists used landscape to anchor the abstract concept of ecosystem in a specific place and culture, to them we owe the meaning of landscape as a dynamic and holistic entity. More recently, landscape has served as a political platform to argue for human rights (Egoz et al 2013) and practice citizenship (Waterman et al 2022). These and other interpretations of landscape are difficult if not impossible to capture in one word, let alone to translate. Of all these meanings, however, it is the visual conception, landscape as scenery, that dominates outside academic and professional spheres.
It is understandable therefore that mandhar (from the Arabic source nadhar, sight), is the most common translation in English-Arabic dictionaries. And while the visual aspect of landscape is undeniably important, this translation is problematic. Scenery, the visual dimension of the word, overshadows the other meanings, namely the fluidity of landscape as the dynamic interplay between physical setting and cultural perception of that setting by those that inhabit/shape it. Additionally, reducing the meaning of landscape to visual scenery, narrows the role of landscape architecture to ‘beautification’, thus denying the expanded role of the profession as addressing issues of “ecological sustainability, quality and health of landscapes, collective memory, heritage and culture, and territorial justice” ( ). A better word is mashhad. Though similarly rooted in the Arabic source, sight, mashhad evolved to imply ‘setting’, for example, a stage setting, implying interaction between viewer and viewed. Mashhad captures the underlying meaning of landscape as a tangible product and a process of production, dynamic and open-ended meaning, rather than a static product, as in scenery.

Consulting with a linguist confirms that mashhad is more appropriate than the conventional mandhar. The confirmation encouraged us, members of IFLA-Middle East, to use mashhad in the Arabic translation of IFLA’s new definition of landscape architecture 1. IFLA’s approval,
however, necessitates certified translation, which will invariably resort to the dictionary translation of landscape as scenery. For now, the word mashhad can serve as a basis for generating a dialogue by landscape professionals and scholars of Arabic Culture and history of ‘landscape’ and its meaning in Arab speaking cultures.
Place, (Arabic makan), is another concept that overlaps with ‘landscape’ (Tuan 1995) but that has been successfully incorporated into mainstream Arabic discourse on socio-spatial production. Landscape, however, embraces more than just people and the shaping of space. Landscape implies, as well, nature and natural resources. The uniqueness of landscape lies in that it is ‘part nature part culture’ (Tilley 2006).
The second half of the professional title, ‘architect’, is also challenging. There is more than one Arabic translation for architect, mi’mar, muhandis mi’mari and muhandis imara (muhandis, is the Arabic word for engineer). And because landscape architecture qualifications are offered by faculties of agriculture and sciences as well as by faculties of architecture and engineering, the professional title conferred varies between the two, respectively, ‘landscape engineer’ and ‘landscape architect’ (Makhzoumi 2022). To circumvent these variations, IFLA National Associations in Iran and Lebanon replace ‘architect’ with broader terms – the Iranian Society for Landscape professionals (ISLAP) and the Lebanese Landscape (LELA). Even if academic programs agree on ‘landscape architect’ as the professional title, which is debatable, the process will entail approvals by their institutions as well as consent from state authorities at the ministerial level. No easy feat.
To conclude, many challenges face landscape architects in the Mashrek and Maghreb Al Arabi, respectively, the Middle East and north Africa, where the profession is slowly being recognized. Though the focus of my reflection was linguistic, the search for an Arabic word for ‘landscape’, I hope, serves to engage professionals and scholars across disciplines to dialogue bigger challenges and to contribute to a landscape architecture narratives that are not ‘borrowed’ or imposed, but rooted in local culture and heritage and that are responsive to the potentials and limitations of local/regional ecologies in countries of the global south.
Find a link to citations and footnotes here.

1- Because the Arabic translation of the definition of landscape architect is not yet approved, I have used part of it as a graphic image, also readable, to text.

Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria and University of Lagos, Nigeria joined 115 other universities around the world to pledge as founding members of the Nature Positive Universities alliance during the 2022 UN Biodiversity Conference (COP15) in Montreal Canada. This alliance is an initiative by the University of Oxford and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) to drive the world’s higher education sector towards a nature-positive future as part of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.The initiative also builds on the University of Oxford's experience in setting an ambitious target for biodiversity net gain by 2035 alongside net zero commitments. Through the Nature Positive Universities Alliance, universities have begun assessing their environmental impact, in order to make tailored actions to improve their ecological footprint on our planet. The Landscape programs at Ahmadu Bello University and University of Lagos are housing this initiative in their respective universities, which is an opportunity for Landscape Architecture to contribute to the UN decade of Ecosystem Restoration and promote our noble profession. Read more about the initiative here and how as a member of the university community, you can get involved.

The newly released IFLA AAPME 2022 Awards Publication showcases the exceptional works of lnadscape architects across Africa, Asis Pacific and Middle East regions. Read the publication here.

Taking place on 17 January 2023, IFLA Asia-Pacific is hosting their 5th Talk and Share lecture series on Climate Change and how educators need to re-strategise their approaches to teaching.Register for the event here.
by Carey Duncan
The Moroccan National Association, member of IFLA, the Association des Architecte-paysagistes du Maroc (AAPM) partnered with others to host the first edition of Garden Expo, a trade fair exhibiting a wide variety of professionals and suppliers involved in landscape architecture and the creation of recreational space in our cities. The theme was Development of a Green Culture in the City.
Taking place over three days, from the 1-3 December, there were more than 50 exhibitors, mainly Moroccan, but also some suppliers from France, Belgium, Portugal and Italy were also present. The organisers report that there were more than 5000 visitors which was a good show considering the rainy weather and the World Cup 1/8 match in which Morocco made her people proud!
For AAPM, it was an occasion to promote landscape architecture through networking with other associations and visitors and through the series of roundtable presentations that were also part of the programme.  Maria Laraki, President of AAPM, in her opening address stressed that now, faced with severe drought in the country and the challenges of climate change, is the time for us to roll up our sleeves and to take positive action in a collaborative process with other actors working in and with the landscape. Crisis is always a time for joining forces working together and not dissipating efforts through dissension and counterproductive disagreements when long term vision and objectives are all the same.

Maria Laraki, AAPM President eloquently giving the opening address
In the first session on the growing water crisis, Carey Duncan talked about how economising this scarce resource should be looked at in a holistic way and not merely concentrate on saving that one extra drop of H20. She talked about working with nature, green infrastructure and ecosystem services as integral approaches that landscape architects can use to save water and restore underground resources. Others in the same session spoke about research into drought resistant plants, reusing treated grey water for irrigation, and the integrated management of urban water resources.
In the second session about how we can succeed in transforming our cities into sustainable cities, AAPM Treasurer Frederique Levesque talked about her experience working on the tramway in Rabat-Salé and how this transport corridor presented additional opportunities for integrating soft modes of transport, regenerating urban spaces, and increasing the amount of green spaces in the city. Richly illustrated with photos, her presentation was convincing and well received.  Among the other interesting presentations at this session, we heard about PhD research conducted by Aïcha Mouisat, on stabilising steep motorway cuttings with plants and natural materials instead of concrete solutions. The scientific approach was well conducted and the results convincing. Other presentation discussed appropriate plant palettes, management tools and maintenance issues.

The third and final session was about maintenance and by extension biodiversity. Philippe Vidal took the podium to talk about loving the natural and urging restraint when it comes to constantly pruning trees and raking up leaves. Other participants shared experiences from different cities in Morocco.
The AAPM Stand which showcased landscape architectural projects in Morocco on the one hand, and IFLA activities on the other

While AAPM was initially somewhat sceptical about the topics and approach of the trade fair, we were glad to have agreed to be an official partner as we were able to shape the debates and put an emphasis on the importance of Landscape architecture and the planning and design of our cities and green spaces, shifting the emphasis from the lawn mower to other possibilities of more ecologically sound planting arrangements more suited to arid and semi-arid regions such as Morocco.
For official information on the event, you can find it here
The 2022 AAK President’s dinner took place on the 8 December 2022, whose running theme was that of gratitude for the past and hope for the future.
AAK president Wilson Mugambi also reiterated the message on gratitude especially after the events of the past two years, citing the strides AAK has made over the past year through various activities and events. He appreciated all AAK members involved in the international arena, including among others, the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA).
IFLA World Congress 2023, set for 28-29 September 2023 was launched at the event by Landscape Architects Chapter Chairperson Ruth Wanjiku.
Additionally, the 2022 AAK salary survey was also launched by AAK Vice president Florence Nyole. This can be accessed at 2022 AAK SALARY SURVEY
The AAK-UIA World Heritage Convention 50th Anniversary taking place from the 20 to 22 February 2023 in Mombasa, was also launched at the event.
Read more about the past events from the Landscape Architecture Association of Kenya (LAAK)  here

Some of the LAAK members present at the 2022 AAK President's Dinner
Graham Young
Students studying and socialising  in the shade of trees on the JKUAT campus (photo by Graham Young)

I had the privilege of once again visiting the Jomo Kenyatta University of technology and Agriculture (JUKAT) as one of the Department of Landscape Architecture's external examiners, along with Dr Samuel Mwituria Maina from the School of the Arts and Design (StAD), University of Nairobi. We examined second, third- and fourth-year students as well as two masters students.

A model of a sketch plan area for a project themed                         Sketch plan for the Utui education/tourism project which also
around an agricultural 'village'  (Mutundi Ngozi)                       focused on stormwater retention and erosion control 
                                                                                                  (Mutinda Ngonzi)      

A master plan of the Kamukunji Grounds Riverine Park along              Hand drawn sections of the Kamukunji Riverine
the banks of the Nairobi River (Motori Zadock Nyamboki)                    Park, Nairobi (Motori Zadock Nyamboki)

The landscape architecture undergraduate programme at JKUAT is a four year BLA degree. We were encouraged to see that this year's graduating class had improved over previous years. There was some excellent work on display and it seemed that this year was very competitive in the studio. Of the 39 students who presented, fifty percent passed with first class honours (70% and above). Congratulations to Dr Dennis Karanja (CoD) and the lecturers and staff who guided the students throughout the year. WELL DONE CLASS OF 2022!

 Sections through an informal settlement,                                     A drawing of a farm produce outlet for an informal settlement
  urban farms network (Njiru Cynthia Mugugi)                               (Njiru Cynthia Murugi)
Melissa Joe


“Sawubona”, a South African term I always assumed to mean “hello”, turned out to be a word that opened my eyes to not just the creative process of Mr. Graham Young, but to the importance of an attentive Designer, in society.
He recently took us through an online lecture, where he showed his landscaping project – “Making the Invisible, Visible”. Through this, we, the Design students from the University of Nairobi, got to really understand the impact that teamwork has on a project and just how important it is when making ideas a reality. This was influenced by Mr. Young actually showing us the group of people he directly worked on that project with. We got to see someone who has been in the field for years, practically use a theoretical concept we learn in class, while working. We call it the Design Thinking Process.
Most importantly, seeing how Mr. Young and his colleagues spent time intentionally listening to and understanding the community their project was to serve, before diving into work, reminded us that Designers must learn to listen. From the talk, it was evident that almost every aspect of the landscape architecture of ‘Making the Invisible, Visible” was inspired by the community’s traditions. Getting in touch with and thoroughly understanding one’s client(s), even to the extent of working hand in hand with them, made this possible for the team; and serves as a template for successful design.

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Disclaimer: Views and opinions expressed in the IFLA Africa Newsletter are those of the author(s).
Publication of an article does not indicate that the Editorial Staff accepts responsibility for it. 
 Authors should appropriately cite or quote all sources of data, images, and graphics used in their articles. 

Copyright © 2022 IFLA-AFRICA_CER Committee.
All rights reserved.
 June 2022 Edition
Journal of Landscape Architecture: Issue 03


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