US Vice-Presidential support for open access
In speech to the AACR
US Vice-President Joe Biden came out strongly in support of OA, data sharing and collaboration as part of the $1 billion Cancer Moonshot initiative
. SPARC reported on this here
How do researchers access scholarly publications?
There was even more discussion about Sci-Hub following an article in Science (Who's downloading pirated papers? Everyone).
along with a feature on its founder
and a response
from the Editor-in-Chief of Science
To continue the theme of the ways in which academics access research, a paper which surveyed how students access the resources they need found only one in five obtain all resources legally
Creative Commons and rights statements
Ryan Merkely, CEO of Creative Commons, wrote in Forbes
: You Pay to Read Research You Fund. That’s Ludicrous.
And in the courts, a judgement (Court Correctly Interprets Creative Commons Licenses
) on Creative Commons was hailed as an important interpretation of the issues.
- an initiative of Europeana
and the Digital Public Library of America
- announced the provision of 11 standardized rights statements for online cultural heritage.
Meetings on open scholarship
The European Union Presidency Conference on Open Science
was held on April 4 and 5. The conference preamble noted that "Open Science is a key priority of the Dutch Presidency. The Netherlands [who hold the presidency currently] is committed to open access to scientific publications and the best possible re-use of research data, and it would like to accelerate the transition this requires." The output of that conference was the Amsterdam Call for Action on Open Science
which feedback was solicited on (the AOASG gave feedback
on this). The final version of this document is not yet released. The draft document proposed ambitious goals around open access and data sharing and reuse in science, ie:
Two pan-European goals for 2020
There were then twelve concrete actions proposed as a result of these goals.
Danny Kingsley reported on the first OSI workshop
in this blog Watch this space
The Force 11 meeting
covered many forward looking discussions. A specifically interesting one was reported here Working Beyond Borders: Why We Need Global Diversity in Scholarly Communications
Policy and more
JISC in the UK outlined released its OA Publisher Compliance
A paper defending hybrid journals by the Publishers Association triggered a strong response from RLUK
and UNESCO issued a Statement
on Open Access, responding to European initiatives focused on gold OA. They note: “This statement highlights a number of issues that need to be addressed by organizations during the large-scale shift from subscription-based to Open access mode of publishing”
News from OA publishers
The DOAJ announced
it had removed more than 3000 journals from its database for failing reapply by the deadline. This is part of a long-term project to curate the DOAJ list of journals.
Two new manuscript submissions systems for open access publishing
were launched. From eLife there was Continuum
, a new open-source tool for publishing and from the PLOS journals, Aperta
was launched on PLOS Biology.
In other journal news, Canadian Science Publishing
announced the launch of FACETS
, Canada's first and only multidisciplinary open access science journal.
An analysis of two publishers, Springer Open
and de Gruyter,
have shown that they are developing a model whereby institutions sponsor a journal,
that then has no article processing charge for authors.
OA papers and data in particle physics
In news from CERN, the SCOAP3 initiative was extended for three more years
and CERN put 300TB of data
from the Large Hadron Collider online.
Costs of publishing now more transparent than ever
More and more data on costs in publishing
are being released, with the Austrian Science Fund
(FWF) publishing its Publication Cost Data 2015
In the annual Periodicals Price Survey 2016
the authors found an "average e-journal package price increase of 5.8% to 6.3%, down slightly from last year’s average of 6.6%. this year’s feature examines pricing for 18,473 unique titles, our largest sample to date. Increasing the sample makes the results more reliable"
Preprints and their place in scholarly communication are a hot topic for discussion. Hilda Bastian
dissected some of the issues in her blog, Breaking Down Pros and Cons of Preprints in Biomedicine -
where she also draws the cartoons.
But in further new of their increasing acceptability, Crossref announced
that members will soon be able to assign Crossref DOIs to preprints.
Growth of OA
Heather Morrison continues her excellent regular summary, Dramatic Growth of Open Access
with a March 31, 2016 update
. More controversially, she noted that Elsevier is now the worlds largest publisher of OA journal
s (by number of journals) which is prompted discussion on twitter about what that really means for OA .
The COAR annual meeting had a theme of The Role of Collaboration in Building a Global Knowledge Commons.
Following the meeting, COAR
announced a new initiative – the COAR Next Generation Repositories Project
“to position repositories as the foundation for a distributed, globally networked infrastructure for scholarly communication, on top of which layers of value added services will be deployed, thereby transforming the system, making it more research-centric, open to and supportive of innovation, while also collectively managed by the scholarly community.”