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The Nanoscope: Big News in Small Science
Remembering the Career of Microelectronics Pioneer James D. Meindl

James D. Meindl, our treasured friend and colleague in the Georgia Tech School of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE), passed away peacefully on June 7, 2020 at his home in Greensboro, Georgia after a long illness. He was 87 years old.

Meindl was a giant in the world of semiconductors and a gentleman of the highest magnitude. He came to Georgia Tech in 1993, where he joined ECE as the Joseph M. Pettit Chair Professor in Microsystems and served as the director of the Microelectronics Research Center (MiRC) until his retirement in 2013.

Meindl served as the founding director of the Nanotechnology Research Center, which eventually became what is now known as the Institute for Electronics and Nanotechnology. His arrival at Georgia Tech brought immediate visibility to the Institute, and his leadership was immediately and positively felt in the development of microelectronics research and education.

Meindl was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and received his Ph.D., M.S., and B.S. degrees in 1958, 1956, and 1955, respectively, in electrical engineering at Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie-Mellon University). He was an outstanding leader in four distinct venues for 50-plus years.

From 1959-67, at the U.S. Army Electronics Laboratories, Meindl worked with integrated circuits (ICs) – a field then barely six months old – and served consecutively as section leader, branch chief, and founding director of the Integrated Electronics Division, made up of 80 people with responsibility for all USAEL R&D efforts in microelectronics. Meindl worked with early industry pioneers, who taught him about ICs, and he then began his own research, trying to figure out how to make an IC operate at a power level so low that it could be used inside a helmet as part of a radio receiver.

From 1967-1986, at Stanford University, Meindl served as founding director of the Integrated Circuits Laboratory, director of the Stanford Electronics Laboratories, associate dean for research in the School of Engineering, and founding co-director of the Center for Integrated Systems, which was a model for university and industry cooperative research in microelectronics.

While at Stanford, Meindl developed low-power integrated circuits and sensors for a portable reading aid for the blind, miniature wireless radio telemetry systems for biomedical research, and non-invasive ultrasonic imaging and blood-flow measurement systems. From 1986-1993, at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), he served as senior vice president for academic affairs and provost.

At Georgia Tech, Meindl was the MiRC director for 20 years, where he pursued work on different solutions for solving interconnectivity problems that arise from trying to interconnect billions of transistors within a tiny chip. Meindl was also the founding director of the SIA/DOD Interconnect Focus Center, leading a national team of more than 60 faculty members from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford, RPI, Cornell University, SUNY-Albany, and Georgia Tech. In 2006, he became founding director of the Nanotechnology Research Center, the largest dual facility cleanroom in the southeastern United States, bringing together physical sciences and engineering and biological and biomedical nanotechnology research capabilities. The Marcus Nanotechnology Building, which housed the Center, was opened in 2009. His record of leadership in microelectronics and nanotechnology is unmatched.

Meindl published over 600 articles and four books, and he was issued 23 patents. From 1966-1971, he served as the founding editor of the IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits. Meindl’s 90 Ph.D. graduates from Stanford, RPI, and Georgia Tech have had a profound impact on the semiconductor industry and on academia in many roles, including as corporate CEOs, university presidents, and deans. Among those Ph.D. graduates are three current Georgia Tech ECE faculty members, Muhannad Bakir, Jeff Davis, and Azad Naeemi. Even after graduation, alumni of his research groups considered Meindl as a person they turned to when trying make career and life decisions. He was also determined to pass on to his students his ability to see industry needs far into the future.

Meindl’s leadership and technical awards are many, but a short list includes the 2016 Sigma Xi Monie Ferst Award, 2006 IEEE Medal of Honor, 2004 SRC Aristotle Award, 2001 Georgia Tech Class of 1934 Distinguished Professor Award, 2000 IEEE Third Millennium Medal, 1999 SIA University Research Award, 1991 ASEE Benjamin Garver Lamme Medal, and 1990 IEEE Education Medal. He was a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a Life Fellow of IEEE, Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Eminent Member of Eta Kappa Nu, and a Life Member of Sigma Xi.

While Meindl’s influence on his own Ph.D. students is unquestionable, he made a significant and lasting impact on the Georgia Tech ECE faculty, as well as his many colleagues in the U.S. and around the world. We have been truly honored to have had Jim Meindl as our colleague, mentor, and friend.

Author: Jackie Nemeth | GT- ECE
 Research News

IEN Seed Funds New Research Program


IEN has seeded a new research initiative: Center for Human-Centric Interfaces and Engineering at Georgia Tech, under the leadership of Professor W.H. Yeo. One of the Grand Challenges in Engineering is enhancing human health via reverse-engineering the brain, advanced health informatics, and improved personalized medicines. The Center for Human-Centric Interfaces and Engineering (CHCIE) will address these challenges by combined efforts and expertise in human-centric design, informatics, brain-interfaced nanoengineering, physiology, and interdisciplinary research. It is hoped that the new center’s collaborative research environments, will result in fundamental breakthroughs in human-centered design, machine learning, biofeedback control, and integrated nanosystem, which will significantly advance human-machine interaction and smart human healthcare. The CHICE team’s initial study will focus on the development of a nanosystem-enabled brain-machine interface that will combine ergonomic system design, nanomanufacturing, physiological signal analysis, real-time data classification with machine learning, and biocompatible packaging. The developed system will be integrated with portable rehabilitation, persistent machine control, non-invasive healthcare, and biofeedback therapeutics. Collectively, the proposed multi-school, interdisciplinary center will broaden Georgia Tech’s portfolio in micro-nano-enabled electronics and human intelligent systems.

GTRI Scientist Leads Multi-Organization Material Science Mission to International Space Station

Low Earth Orbit  is a particularly harsh environment for spacecraft materials because atomic oxygen is present along with all other environmental components such as unfiltered solar UV radiation and high-energy radiation from different sources (solar particle events, radiation flux from the South Atlantic Anomaly and galactic cosmic ray background). A team of researchers lead by Dr. Elena Plis, a Senior Research Engineer at Electro-Optical Systems Laboratory/GTRI, will utilize the International Space Station  U.S. National Laboratory for investigation of short- and long-term degradation effects of LEO on selected materials which show promise for aerospace, avionics, and spacecraft applications, including liquid crystal polymer, polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSSÒ), carbon fiber reinforced polymers, polyimides, and polyethylene teraphthelate  polyester films. The project called “Spectral Characterization of Novel Spacecraft Materials at LEO Environment” began on August 31.

Read the full press here

Vogel Group Works Towards Disposable Bio-Sensors with Biofab & Rockwell Automation

PI Vogel and his team have previously developed potentiometric sensors to detect chemicals such as pH and lactate, as well as specific proteins/antibodies with dynamic range equivalent to that found with standard laboratory techniques such as Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).  One of the unique aspects of this system is that each sensor surface can be individually functionalized permitting multiplexed (simultaneous) detection of almost any number of different chemicals/molecules of interest. These solid-state electronic sensors can be mass-produced via conventional semiconductor processing routes (or additively manufactured) into planar chip format on low-cost silicon or flexible plastic substrates for single-use disposable sensors. In this project, the sensors will be further developed to target multiplexed (simultaneous) detection of cell properties of interest in bioreactors including pH, Lactate, Glucose, Dissolved Oxygen and cell secretomes such as such as IL-4, IL-10, and fibronectin.

Read the Full News Release Here
New Publications

L. A. Beardslee, C. Carron, K. S. Demirci, J. Lehman, S. Schwartz, I. Dufour, S. M. Heinrich, F. Josse, and O. Brand, "In-plane vibration of hammerhead resonators for chemical sensing applications," ACS Sensors, 2020, vol. 5 (1), pp. 73-82, doi: 10.1021/acssensors.9b01651. Published in January 2020.

M. Kim, D. K. Brown, and O. Brand, "Nanofabrication for all-soft and high-density electronic devices based on liquid metal," Nature Communications, 11, 1002 (2020), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14814-y. Published in February 2020.

M. Kim, B. Lee, M. Li, S. Noda, C. Kim, J. Kim, W.-J. Song, S. W. Lee, and O. Brand, "All-soft supercapacitors based on liquid metal electrodes with integrated functionalized carbon nanotubes," ACS Nano, 2020, vol.14 (5), pp. 5659-5667, doi: 10.1021/acsnano.0c00129. Published in May 2020.

S. A. Schwartz, O. Brand and L. A. Beardslee, "Temperature compensation of thermally actuated, in-plane resonant gas sensor using embedded oxide-filled trenches," IEEE Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, doi: 10.1109/JMEMS.2020.3014502. Published in August 2020.


Awards

Congratulation to  Professor Wilbur Lam , Recipient of the 2020 Lab on a Chip/Dolomite Pioneers of Miniaturization Lectureship!

NIH has awarded $100,000 to Erika Tyburski &  Robert Mannino as part of the NIH Technology Accelerator Challenge for the design and development of non-invasive, handheld, digital technologies to detect and diagnose sickle cell disease (SCD), malaria, and anemia. The team's award will help further develop AnemoCheck Mobile: A noninvasive smartphone app for anemia diagnosis and underlying etiology screening.
Cleanroom Corner

Thermo Scientific UV-Vis Spectrometer

The Thermo Scientific UV-Vis Evolution 220 System, located in the Georgia Tech Biocleanroom, is a double-beam spectrophotometer, which delivers the most accurate data. Taking the ratio of the sample to the reference beam at each data point negates the effects of changing samples, which is especially useful for kinetics, long-term process monitoring, and difficult samples.

The precision monochromator drive delivers fast scanning data collection without compromising wavelength accuracy. Variable scan speeds from < 1 to 6,000 nm/min give you increased flexibility for data acquisition. Integrated and straightforward communication with INSIGHT™ software gives you complete control of your measurements.


For more information contact Linda Tian at: linda.tian@ien.gatech.edu

Applications Overview

  • Gather spectral information in the ultraviolet & visible wavelength regions
  • Concentration measurements
  • Quantitative determination of analytes
  • Characterization of transition metals, biological macromolecules, and/or conjugated organic compounds

 

Plenty of Beauty at the Bottom | The NNCI Image Contest 2020

In honor of National Nanotechnology Day, October 9th, the National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure (NNCI) is hosting our annual Plenty of Beauty at the Bottom image contest. Referencing Richard Feynman’s 1959 lecture, "There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom," this image contest celebrates the beauty of the micro and nanoscale.

Images featured in this contest were produced at one of the 16 NNCI sites during the past year. Click on the categories below to see all of the images and learn about the research.

Voting will take place between October 5 and October 12, 2020.

The winning artists will receive funds to support travel to a professional conference. 

 
Affiliate News

Tony Kim | Nanoparticles Target Pediatric Cancer Tumors

Affiliate Events
 
March 14-18, 2021 | 2021 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition | Orlando World Center Marriott | Orlando, Florida

Keynote speakers
 
Prof. Mostafa El-Sayed - Georgia  Tech
Prof. George Schatz - Northwestern Univ.
Prof. Younan Xia - Georgia  Tech
Prof. Stephan Link - Rice Univ.

Symposium Co-Organizer | Nasrin Hooshmand - Sr. Research Scientist; Georgia Tech, Chemistry & Biochemistry [nhooshmand3@gatech.edu]

Funding Opportunities

Ereztech BridgeForwad Award in Materials Science
We are pleased to announce the 2020 Ereztech BridgeForward™ Award, the second annual financial award program recognizing gifted graduate students and recent post-doctoral graduates pursuing careers in organometallic chemistry and materials science. This year, we are offering five $1,500 awards for applicants. Read more & apply here.

Submission Deadline | November 30, 2020.
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