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שבת הגדול - פרשת צו

 חג הפסח


חג כשר ושמח





 
Shabbat haGadol - Parshat Tzav
Chag haPesach - 5781

Chag Kasher v'Sameach


14th - 16th of Nissan, 5781

March 26th - 29th 2021


Candle lighting: 6:56 PM
Pre-Pesach and Pesach Schedule 5781

 
Friday, March 25th:  Erev Shabbat haGadol
DISPOSE OF CHAMETZ BEFORE: 
Friday, March 26th, at  11:58 AM


-since it is the 13th of Nisan, we do not say the kol Chamira upon completion of the disposal of the chametz.  Instead, we will recite the kol Chamira on Shabbat morning before 11:59 AM.

- Burn Your Chametz with The Kehilah in the backyard of the Sopher Harelick Family's home.  Their address is: 

Danny Harelick and Barbara Sopher
4575 Fieldston Rd, Bronx, NY 10471


Burning Time starts:  9 AM - 11:30 AM

Chametz from Bedikat Chametz (the search for chametz) the night before should be burned by 11:58  AM
 
Shabbat haGadol, 5781/Parshat Tzav

Candle lighting for Shabbat: 6:56 PM


SHABBAT DAY, MARCH 27TH
Davening at The Kehilah: 8 AM (please note earlier time)
Latest Time to eat Chametz:  10:55 AM
Latest Time of Dispose of Chametz 11:59 AM
R' Dina Najman's Shabbat HaGadol Drasha: 2 PM
Mincha (following Shabbat HaGadol Shiur): approx. 2:30 PM

Candle lighting for First Day of Pesach: After 7:57 PM
Chatzot (eat Afikomen before): 1:00 AM

MARCH 28TH: DAY 1 OF PESACH
Davening at The Kehilah: 9 AM

Candle lighting for Second Day of Pesach: After 7:58 PM
Count Day 1 of Sefirat haOmer

Chatzot (eat Afikomen before): 1:00 AM

MARCH 29TH: DAY 2 OF PESACH
Davening at The Kehilah: 9 AM

Havdalah after Second Day of Pesach:  After: 7:59 PM
Count Day 2 of Sefirat HaOmer

Chatzot (eat Afikomen before): 1:00 AM
 

TUESDAY, 1st DAY OF CHOL HAMOED PESACH, MARCH 30TH:
Mincha/Maariv/Communal Kaddish by Zoom:  7 PM
At night: Count Day 3 of Sefirat haOmer

WEDNESDAY, 2nd DAY OF CHOL HAMOED PESACH, MARCH 31TH:
Mincha/Maariv/Communal Kaddish by Zoom:  7 PM
At night: Count Day 4 of Sefirat haOmer

THURSDAY, 3rd DAY OF CHOL HAMOED PESACH, APRIL 1ST:
Mincha/Maariv/Communal Kaddish by Zoom:  7 PM
At night: Count Day 5 of Sefirat haOmer

FRIDAY, 5th DAY OF CHOL HAMOED PESACH, APRIL 2nd
Candle lighting for Shabbat/Shvii shel Pesach: 7:03 PM
Abbreviated Kabbalat Shabbat and Ma’ariv
At night: Count Day 6 of Sefirat haOmer

SHABBAT DAY,  SHVII SHEL PESACH, APRIL 3rd
Davening at the Kehilah: 9 AM
Shir haShirim is recited


Candle lighting for Achron shel Pesach: 8:04 PM
At night: Count Day 7 of Sefirat haOmer
 

ACHRON SHEL PESACH, APRIL 4th;
Davening at the Kehilah: 9 AM
Yizkor: Approx: 10 AM

Seudat Mashiach/Seudat HaBesh”t: 

Havdalah: After 8:05 PM
Sold Chametz may be eaten after 9 PM
At night: Count Day 8 of Sefirat haOmer

Sign Up to Daven with 
The Kehilah of Riverdale



LOCATION:
The back lawn of the home of: 
Jessica and Chad Haller
4503 Fieldston Rd., Bronx, NY 10471

Click here to sign up for
Shabbat Morning
March 27th at 8:00 am

Shabbat morning kibbud, sponsored by Betsey Knapp, commemorating the yahrzeit of her beloved father, Reuven, z"l
May Betsey's father's neshama have an aliyah.


Pesach, Day 1
March 28th at 9:00 am


Pesach, Day 2
March 29th at 9:00 am


If you have any questions or comments, please let us know. As we have expressed before, we will continue to reevaluate the situation on a regular basis.  We hope to be back to regular davening as soon as possible.

 

Looking forward to our davening together in a safe and meaningful way.

 

Kol tuv,

R’ Dina Najman, Rabbi

Jonathan Konovitch, President

THE KEHILAH WILL CONTINUE TO DAVEN MINCHA/MAARIV WITH COMMUNAL KADDISH ON ZOOM:

Mincha/Maariv: March 30th - April 1st

Davening at 7:00 pm

We will daven privately and have a minyan for those who are saying Kaddish.


Zoom: https://us04web.zoom.us/j/429455694
           
Password 113089

ALL ARE WELCOME TO JOIN US
ונשמרתם מאד את נפשותנו

FIRE SAFETY FOR OUR COMMUNITY
 

Please keep in mind during the Pesach Holiday:

The following points have been assembled by the
RCA, OU and JCRC:  

 
  • Working Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Detectors: As we clean our homes for Pesach and carefully go from room to room making sure all is in order, this is a perfect time to ensure that appropriate alarms are installed in the proper locations with fresh batteries.
 
  • Safety Certification: Please ensure that the electrical appliances we use, especially over Shabbat and Yom Tov are properly certified for safety. We are, correctly, particular to ensure that the food we eat is properly certified and should ensure the same for electric kettles, hot plates and other appliances - which should have passed the "UL" - Underwriters Laboratories - inspection.
 
  • Please remember that in many instances hot plates can be used with heavy duty time switches to ensure that they do not need to stay on for an entire Shabbat in accordance with rabbinical approval (please consider using timers).
 
  • Kashering utensils for Pesach can be dangerous. Never leave the area unattended during Kashering.

-----------------------------------------------
 
Please see the following resources for more information.
May Hashem keep us all safe, send healing to the injured and continue to give comfort to those who experienced such grave tragedy.
 
ROSH KEHILAH NAJMAN'S PHONE
ON SHABBAT AND YOM TOV:


During this time of the pandemic it is imperative that we all be more vigilant and strict about Pikuach Nefesh (saving a life).  As such, R' Dina Najman will have her phone where she can hear it, with her ringer on throughout Shabbat and Yom Tov.  
If a person is feeling in any way that they are in physical or mental danger or if they are experiencing anxiety or depression and need to speak, please know that RK Najman can be called at any time and wil be in close proximity to her phone to be able to answer.


The number is:  347-331-6432. 
Please feel free to call or text



As in the case of any emergency -  
Hatzalah's number is: 718-230-1000
The Kehilah Sunshine Commitee

Would Like to Wish a Happy Birthday to...


Dan Michaeli
Hindy Najman
Naomi Najman
Sherrell Najman 
Nahum Palefski


Wishing them all great health, joy and success ad me'ah v'esrim shana.

 
JOIN THE KEHILAH FOR R' DINA NAJMAN'S SHABBAT HAGADOL DRASHA:
MATCHIL B'G'NUT U'M'SAYEIM B'SHEVACH: 
A SLAVES PROGRESSION TOWARD SHEVACH


THE DRASHA WILL BE FOLLOWED BY MINCHA AT 2:30 PM

LOCATION:
The back lawn of the home of: 
Jessica and Chad Haller
4503 Fieldston Rd., Bronx, NY 10471
AS THE WEATHER BEGINS TO WARM UP... 
DON'T FORGET TO SAY A ONCE A YEAR BRACHA - BIRKAT HAILANOT

Starting in the month of Nisan, there is a bracha "ברכת האילנות" - the blessing over trees in Bloom - which is recited.
Rosh Chodesh Nisan marks the beginning of the season for Birkat haIlanot.  
This Bracha  is recited only once a year extolling Hashem's renewal of creation each year.

Early Sources for this Bracha:
This bracha is spoken about in many early sources, like Brachot 43b, Rokeach (pg. 235), Or Zarua (1:179), Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim, 226), Aruch haShulchan (226:1) and many others.

THE BRACHA:
When one sees blossoming fruit trees for the first time during the month of Nisan, one should say this blessing:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹקינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁלֹּא חִסַּר בְּעוֹלָמוֹ כְּלוּם וּבָרָא בוֹ בְּרִיּוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבוֹת לֵהָנוֹת בָּהֶם בְּנֵי אָדָם.

Translation: Blessed are You, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has made nothing lacking in His world, and created in it goodly creatures and goodly trees to give mankind pleasure.


When to say this Bracha?
The best time to recite this bracha is the first time seeing a fruit tree in bloom during the month of Nisan.  Meaning:  Upon seeing the actual blooming or flowering of the tree.  According the Mishna Brurah, seeing the leaves grow is not enough to recite the bracha - one must see the budding or flowering.  
However, where trees start to bloom in Adar or where they begin to bloom in Iyar or Sivan, the bracha can be said then.  In the countries like Australia, where fruit trees blossom in Tishrei or Cheshvan, the blessing should be said at that time.

If there was a tree which began to bloom in Nisan but a person did not see it until later, he or she may make the bracha the first time he or she has seen the tree, provided that the fruit of the tree has not ripened.  Once the fruit is ripe, the bracha can no longer be recited.
- Along those lines:  If someone saw a tree in bloom but forgot to recite the bracha or was unable to say the bracha, one may say the bracha at a later time, provided that the fruit of the tree has not begun to grow.

Some poskim maintain that this bracha should not be recited on Shabbat or Yom Tov since it may lead to shaking or breaking the branch off the tree.
However, the Shulchan Aruch (OC 336:10) states that we may smell the Hadas attached to a tree on Shabbos, since we are not concerned that the branch will be broken off.  Therefore, most poskim permit saying the bracha on Shabbat or Yom Tov, since we are not concerned that a person will break off a branch while reciting the bracha.

Even for those who customarily recite the bracha only during the week, if the last day of Nisan falls on Shabbat, the Yechave Da'at (1:2) says that one may recite this bracha on Shabbat.

- According to the Tzitz Eliezer (12:20-6), Rav Eliezer Waldenberg, this bracha may be recited at night.

 

Which Trees require Birkat HaIlanot?
Only on fruit bearing trees.
Even if a tree does not bear fruit and a person said it on that type of tree, he or she does not need to repeat the bracha.

There is a disagreement if one can make the bracha on an Orlah tree (a tree that is not fully 3 years old). Many poskim permit it.

Reciting the Bracha During a Shmita Year:
It is allowed to recite the bracha on a tree during the Shmita year, even if the tree was cultivated and in violation of the Shmita laws.

How Can I Make the Mitzva of Birkat HaIlanot More Beautiful: Hiddur Mitzvah?

1.  Make the bracha on two or more trees ( the two trees do not have to be from different species).
2. Saying the bracha in a the presence of a minyan followed by Kaddish.
(Before hand, V'yehi Noam followed by the Psalm 143 is recited).
3. Trying to say the bracha as ealy as possible (From Rosh Chodesh Nisan)

 Halakhot for Sefirat HaOmer:

וּסְפַרְתֶּם לָכֶם, מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת, מִיּוֹם הֲבִיאֲכֶם, אֶת-עֹמֶר הַתְּנוּפָה:  שֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת, תְּמִימֹת תִּהְיֶינָה

עַד מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת הַשְּׁבִיעִת, תִּסְפְּרוּ חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם; וְהִקְרַבְתֶּם מִנְחָה חֲדָשָׁה, לה' - ויקרא 23: 15-16
 
And you should count seven complete weeks from the day following the [Pesach] rest day, when you brougth the Omer as a wave-offering.  To the the day after the seventh week you should count fifty days  Then you should present a meal-offering of new grain to Hashem. 
 
The Torah commands the Jewish people to count forty nine days beginning from the second night of Passover until Shavuot.
 
  • While it is best to count the Omer at nightfall, one may count it the entire evening with a bracha.
  • One should try not to say what the day is before the counting with the bracha, because one may then fulfill the counting without the bracha.
  • It is best to say what the previous day was.
  • One has all evening to recite the Omer with a bracha.
  • If one forgets to count during the night time, one may count during the day without a bracha and then proceed to count on subsequent nights with a bracha.
  • If one forgot to count during the night and day, then one may proceed to count the remainder of the Omer without a bracha.
A Vort for Pesach: 
 
During the Magid section of our Haggadah we declare that Hashem cast over the Egyptians 10 Makkot - 10 plagues.  While declaring the ten plagues that Hashem put over the Egyptians, it is customary to remove some wine from ones full cup, symbolizing that Hashem's creations, the Egyptians suffered so that we could be free. This ritual seems complete in and of itself.
So, why does the Haggadah instruct us to then recite Rabbi Yehuda's acronym of the 10 Makkot of "detzakh, Adash b'Achav" afterward?  How does this acronym serve to deepen our understanding of the 10 plagues?

Our Haggadah is primarily taken from the 10th chapter of Masekhet Pesachim.  The majority of what we declare and the organization is taken from our Rabbis of the Talmud.  Perhaps, it is for that reason that Rav Ovadya Bartenura, his commentary to Masekhet Menachot, explains that Rabbi Yehuda simply made acronyms for lists that were long to enable us to remember significant details or events.  The Talmud has employed this method, which enabled people to remember halakhot or episodes in our oral tradition.  Grouping items are great studying techniques and trigger our memory better.  Along those lines, the Hagahot Maimoniyot (Rav Meir ben Yekutiel haKohen), suggests that we would keep the sequence of the 10 plagues in their proper order.  

The Netziv (Rav Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berlin) categorizes the three groups as three distinct stages.  At the end of each unit, different events occured:
In the first unit, we end with the plague of lice:  Kinnim.  It was after that episode that Paro lightened the Jews' demanding and arduous work.  They were slaves, but not with the same back breaking labor (Look in the Ibn Ezra to Shmot, Perek 8, pasuk 18 and in Masekhet Rosh HaShana 11).
The second stage concludes with Sh'chin - Boils.  It was here that Bnei Yisrael were freed from their slavery.  But, Paro would not let the Jews leave his land.  The Netziv speaks about this new reality for Bnei Yisrael.  They are now being granted a level of dignity by recognizing them as an independent people at this point. However, Paro still had a hold over this people.  He would not allow them to leave.

The last stage concludes with Makat b'Chorot, the killing of the firstborn.  It is then that the Jewish people have emerged not only as an independent people.  But, a people free to leave under the oppressive grip of Paro.

Although the makkot in their own right demonstrated a transformation in the Egyptian people - it weakened them physically and psychologically.  However, through Rabbi Yehuda's categorization of the Makkot, we are able to recognize that there was a gradual transformation in Paro as well.  Perhaps Paro was not as unyielding as we previously thought.  He begins to appreciate that he is being severely struck due to the injustices he put on the Jewish people. This was gradual.  At first, minor adjustments in policy were made.  Yet, Paro's unwillingness to completely grant the request of the people to leave remained.  It wasn't with the devastation of his people and land.  But, at the very conclusion, when his own legacy was taken from him, did Paro decide to yield.  
The Netziv's appreciation of Rabbi Yehuda's acronym after the 10 plagues could be seen as a critical message for us on Leil Pesach:  Not only was the transformation from slavery to freedom a gradual one for the Jewish people, but, for those who enslaved as well.  Take Notice:  Easy as it may seem and as quickly as we would like it to occur - the releasing of the power of the dictator, the abuser, the oppressor happens in stages. Remember, even after Paro allows the Jewish people to go - he will run after them a few days later, not fully able to release his control. Even when the reigns might be loosened or completely released, this transformation cannot happen overnight.
This Pesach, let's consider how we need to speak out for the injustices of those who oppress and enslave others.  We must persevere in our efforts to free those still being oppressed and controlled by others.  Within ourselves individually or collectively, let's attempt to forever improve the way we treat those who work for us in any capacity.  In this way, humanity will experience true freedom and redemption.

 
Chag Kasher v'Sameach.
MIKVAH HOURS
 
To schedule an appointment at the Riverdale Mikvah, please click here.

Please keep in mind that anyone with COVID-19 symptoms or who have been exposed to a person in their home who is not feeling well are asked to refrain from Mikvah use.
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