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שבת ושביעי של פסח/אחרון של פסח


שבת שלום - חג כשר ושמח





 
Shabbat/Sh'vii shel Pesach and
Achron shel Pesach

Shabbat Shalom - Chag Kasher v'Sameach


 
21st - 22nd of Nissan, 5781

April 2nd-4th 2021


Candle lighting: 7:03 PM
_________


Shir haShirim is recited on Shabbat/Shvii shel Pesach

Sign Up to Daven with 
The Kehilah of Riverdale



LOCATION:
The back lawn of the home of: 
Jessica and Chad Haller
4503 Fieldston Rd., Bronx, NY 10471

Click here to sign up for

April 3rd: Shabbat/Shvii Shel Pesach at 9 AM
Shir haShirim approx: 9:20 AM

April 4th: Achron shel Pesach at 9 AM
Yizkor approx: 10 AM

If you have any questions or comments, please let us know. As we have expressed before, we will continue to reevaluate the situation on a regular basis.  We hope to be back to regular davening as soon as possible.

 

Looking forward to our davening together in a safe and meaningful way.

 

Kol tuv,

R’ Dina Najman, Rabbi

Jonathan Konovitch, President

Shv'ii and Achron Shel Pesach Schedule 5781
 

Friday Evening, April 2nd: Shvii Shel Pesach
Candle lighting: 7:03 PM
Count the Omer for Day 6

 

Shabbat, April 3rd: Shvii Shel Pesach
Davening at The Kehilah: 9AM
Shir Hashirim - approx: 9:20 AM


Candle lighting for Achron shel Pesach - After: 8:04 PM
Count the Omer for Day 7

 
Sunday, April 4th: Achron shel Pesach
Davening at The Kehilah: 9AM
Yizkor - approx: 10:00 AM


Havdalah After: 8:05 PM
Count the Omer for Day 8
Chametz sold through The Kehilah can be eaten After: 9:00 PM
 
The following establishments may be patronized after Pesach:


All Vaad Certified  businesses

- Other:
BJ's, Costco, CVS, Dunkin' Donuts Fresh Direct (should be ordered after Yom tov), Garden Gourmet, Key Food (North Riverdale), Riverdale Farms, Stop and Shop, Target, Trader Joe's, Walgreen's, Whole Foods 

- Jewish Owned (and sold their chametz):
Key Food (235th St)
 


Please feel free to speak with Rabbi Najman or another Rabbinic leader for further guidance.
ונשמרתם מאד את נפשותנו

FIRE SAFETY FOR OUR COMMUNITY
 
Please keep in mind during the Pesach Holiday:


The following points have been assembled by the
RCA, OU and JCRC:  

 
  • Working Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Detectors: As we clean our homes for Pesach and carefully go from room to room making sure all is in order, this is a perfect time to ensure that appropriate alarms are installed in the proper locations with fresh batteries.
 
  • Safety Certification: Please ensure that the electrical appliances we use, especially over Shabbat and Yom Tov are properly certified for safety. We are, correctly, particular to ensure that the food we eat is properly certified and should ensure the same for electric kettles, hot plates and other appliances - which should have passed the "UL" - Underwriters Laboratories - inspection.
 
  • Please remember that in many instances hot plates can be used with heavy duty time switches to ensure that they do not need to stay on for an entire Shabbat in accordance with rabbinical approval (please consider using timers).
 
  • Kashering utensils for Pesach can be dangerous. Never leave the area unattended during Kashering.

-----------------------------------------------
 
Please see the following resources for more information.
May Hashem keep us all safe, send healing to the injured and continue to give comfort to those who experienced such grave tragedy.
 

http://www.jewishfireprevention.org/
http://www.nyc.gov/html/fdny/pdf/safety/ fire safety education/2010_02/ 12_fire_safety_for jewish_observance english.pdf
http://www.teaneckshuls.org/files/ Home FireSafety Checklist Teaneck Fire Dept.pdf
http://www.jcrcny.org/what-we-do/ security emergency preparedness/blog
THE KEHILAH WILL CONTINUE TO DAVEN MINCHA/MAARIV WITH COMMUNAL KADDISH ON ZOOM:

Mincha/Maariv: April 5th - April 8th

Davening at 7:05 pm

We will daven privately and have a minyan for those who are saying Kaddish.


Zoom: https://us04web.zoom.us/j/429455694
           
Password:  113089

ALL ARE WELCOME TO JOIN US
AS THE WEATHER BEGINS TO WARM UP... 
DON'T FORGET TO SAY A ONCE A YEAR BRACHA - BIRKAT HAILANOT

Starting in the month of Nisan, there is a bracha "ברכת האילנות" - the blessing over trees in Bloom - which is recited.
Rosh Chodesh Nisan marks the beginning of the season for Birkat haIlanot.  
This Bracha  is recited only once a year extolling Hashem's renewal of creation each year.

Early Sources for this Bracha:
This bracha is spoken about in many early sources, like Brachot 43b, Rokeach (pg. 235), Or Zarua (1:179), Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim, 226), Aruch haShulchan (226:1) and many others.

THE BRACHA:
When one sees blossoming fruit trees for the first time during the month of Nisan, one should say this blessing:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹקינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁלֹּא חִסַּר בְּעוֹלָמוֹ כְּלוּם וּבָרָא בוֹ בְּרִיּוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבוֹת לֵהָנוֹת בָּהֶם בְּנֵי אָדָם.

Translation: Blessed are You, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has made nothing lacking in His world, and created in it goodly creatures and goodly trees to give mankind pleasure.


When to say this Bracha?
The best time to recite this bracha is the first time seeing a fruit tree in bloom during the month of Nisan.  Meaning:  Upon seeing the actual blooming or flowering of the tree.  According the Mishna Brurah, seeing the leaves grow is not enough to recite the bracha - one must see the budding or flowering.  
However, where trees start to bloom in Adar or where they begin to bloom in Iyar or Sivan, the bracha can be said then.  In the countries like Australia, where fruit trees blossom in Tishrei or Cheshvan, the blessing should be said at that time.

If there was a tree which began to bloom in Nisan but a person did not see it until later, he or she may make the bracha the first time he or she has seen the tree, provided that the fruit of the tree has not ripened.  Once the fruit is ripe, the bracha can no longer be recited.
- Along those lines:  If someone saw a tree in bloom but forgot to recite the bracha or was unable to say the bracha, one may say the bracha at a later time, provided that the fruit of the tree has not begun to grow.

Some poskim maintain that this bracha should not be recited on Shabbat or Yom Tov since it may lead to shaking or breaking the branch off the tree.
However, the Shulchan Aruch (OC 336:10) states that we may smell the Hadas attached to a tree on Shabbos, since we are not concerned that the branch will be broken off.  Therefore, most poskim permit saying the bracha on Shabbat or Yom Tov, since we are not concerned that a person will break off a branch while reciting the bracha.

Even for those who customarily recite the bracha only during the week, if the last day of Nisan falls on Shabbat, the Yechave Da'at (1:2) says that one may recite this bracha on Shabbat.

- According to the Tzitz Eliezer (12:20-6), Rav Eliezer Waldenberg, this bracha may be recited at night.

 

Which Trees require Birkat HaIlanot?
Only on fruit bearing trees.
Even if a tree does not bear fruit and a person said it on that type of tree, he or she does not need to repeat the bracha.

There is a disagreement if one can make the bracha on an Orlah tree (a tree that is not fully 3 years old). Many poskim permit it.

Reciting the Bracha During a Shmita Year:
It is allowed to recite the bracha on a tree during the Shmita year, even if the tree was cultivated and in violation of the Shmita laws.

How Can I Make the Mitzva of Birkat HaIlanot More Beautiful: Hiddur Mitzvah?

1.  Make the bracha on two or more trees ( the two trees do not have to be from different species).
2. Saying the bracha in a the presence of a minyan followed by Kaddish.
(Before hand, V'yehi Noam followed by the Psalm 143 is recited).
3. Trying to say the bracha as ealy as possible (From Rosh Chodesh Nisan)

 

Chodesh Tov!
Halakhot for Sefirat HaOmer:

וּסְפַרְתֶּם לָכֶם, מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת, מִיּוֹם הֲבִיאֲכֶם, אֶת-עֹמֶר הַתְּנוּפָה:  שֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת, תְּמִימֹת תִּהְיֶינָה

עַד מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת הַשְּׁבִיעִת, תִּסְפְּרוּ חֲמִשִּׁים יוֹם; וְהִקְרַבְתֶּם מִנְחָה חֲדָשָׁה, לה' - ויקרא 23: 15-16
 
And you should count seven complete weeks from the day following the [Pesach] rest day, when you brougth the Omer as a wave-offering.  To the the day after the seventh week you should count fifty days  Then you should present a meal-offering of new grain to Hashem. 
 
The Torah commands the Jewish people to count forty nine days beginning from the second night of Passover until Shavuot.
 
  • While it is best to count the Omer at nightfall, one may count it the entire evening with a bracha.
  • One should try not to say what the day is before the counting with the bracha, because one may then fulfill the counting without the bracha.
  • It is best to say what the previous day was.
  • One has all evening to recite the Omer with a bracha.
  • If one forgets to count during the night time, one may count during the day without a bracha and then proceed to count on subsequent nights with a bracha.
  • If one forgot to count during the night and day, then one may proceed to count the remainder of the Omer without a bracha.
The Kehilah Book Club

The next Kehilah Book Club will meet on
Sunday, April 11, 2021 at 10am on Zoom


We will discuss:
An Orphan in History:
One Man’s Triumphant Search for His Jewish Roots 

By: Paul Cowan



The Zoom ID is: https://us04web.zoom.us/j/429455694
Password:  113089
—————————————————

After growing up as a fully assimilated Jew, Paul Cowan embarked in his mid thirties upon a journey to discover and appreciate his true identity and heritage. In search for his roots Cowan details the path he took from his Park Avenue home to nineteenth-century Lithuania to a contemporary Israeli kibbutz, leading to remarkable personal discoveries that will move everyone who has yearned to know more about their past. 
——————————————————
Bonnie and Issac Geld will be our facilitators. 

RSVP

ruth.licht@outlook.com
                  or
sherrell.najman@gmail.com

We look forward to seeing you on April 11, 2021
UPCOMING EVENTS:
 
COMMUNAL EVENTS:
DOROT Summer Teen Internship
The Riverdale DOROT Summer Teen Internship Program brings together a diverse group of socially conscious teens committed to creating meaningful connections with older adults. Do you know someone who would be a great fit? Find out more at www.RiverdaleY.org/dorot.

Volunteer Opportunities
Volunteers work alongside staff to embody our universally held values of caring, respect, and responsibility. They strengthen our community by being determined, nurturing, genuine, hopeful, and welcoming. Our current volunteer needs include: Vaccine Outreach, Vaccine Support Companion, and Tech Support for Homebound Adults. For more information, and to apply, please visit www.RiverdaleY.org/volunteer.

Riverdale Y Sunday Market - Opens April 11
The Riverdale Y Sunday Market returns on April 11! Come grab the freshest ingredients for your household. Located at the Riverdale Temple at 4545 Independence AvenueFor more information, please visit www.RiverdaleY.org/sundaymarket.

Riverdale Run - May 9 to May 16
Registration is now open. 100% of proceeds from the Riverdale Run support our Free Senior Meals Program, which delivers meals to over 200 seniors daily. For information, or to sign up, please visit www.riverdalerun.com 
 

Yom HaShoah Program on Zoom:
Save the Date:  7th on Zoom

Join Riverdale's Communal Yom HaShoach Commemoration on Tuesday, May 7th at 8pm at SAR High School.  This program is part of the Riverdale Jewish Community Partnership. Details above in the bulletin.
The Kehilah would like to thank all those who renewed their membership for 2021:
__________

 
Suggested membership: $500.

To become a member and/or donate, please select one of the following choices:

 
  • Through Paypal click on the donate button:



Or-
 

  • If you would like to send a personal check, go through a charitable foundation or charitable fund, please: 

Send a check made out to "The Kehilah" to:
 
The Kehilah
P.O. Box 78
Bronx, NY 10471
 
Or –
 

Membership tab.
 

The Kehilah, Inc. is a congregation incorporated under Article 10 of the New York State Religious Corporations Law. Under federal tax code, a contribution to a synagogue which complies with 501(c)(3) requirements is automatically exempt.

Interested in Sponsoring a Kiddush at The Kehilah?
We have Kiddush to Go in a box or "take and go" options.

Please contact our Kiddush Coordinator, 
Nahum Palefski at:  kehilah.kiddush@gmail.com
MIKVEH UPDATE:
 
To schedule an appointment at the Riverdale Mikvah, please click here.

Please keep in mind that anyone with COVID-19 symptoms or who have been exposed to a person in their home who is not feeling well are asked to refrain from Mikvah use.
A Short Vort for Sh'vii Shel Pesach: 
 
On the first night of Pesach we concentrate on the exodus from Egypt.  We praise Hashem and give thanks for all the blessings and salvation that we, as a people, experienced.  Towards the end of the Maggid section at the Pesach Seder throughout the remainder of the Pesach holiday, we focus on the redemption process which culminated with Kriyat Yam Suf – the splitting of the Red Sea.
It was there that Bnei Yisrael was in awe of Hashem’s great power which Hashem put forth on the Egyptians. Bnei Yisrael feared Hashem and had faith in God and Moshe.
 
וַיַּרְא יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת-הַיָּד הַגְּדֹלָה, אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה ה' בְּמִצְרַיִם, וַיִּירְאוּ הָעָם, אֶת ה' וַיַּאֲמִינוּ, בַּה', וּבְמֹשֶׁה, עַבְדּוֹ.
And Israel saw the great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians, and the people feared the LORD; and they believed in the LORD, and in His servant Moses. 
 
This event follows with the great shirat haYam – the song of praise sung by Bnei Yisrael after the splitting of the sea.
In perek 15, pasuk 2, this shira features the words:  זֶה קלִי וְאַנְוֵהוּ, “zeh keli v’Anveihu”.  This is my God and I will glorify Him.
The Gemara in Masekhet Shabbat (133a) teaches that the word v’Anveihu is speaking about the beautifying of mitzvah performance by making sure that there is an aesthetic component to mitzvah observance.  For example, on Sukkot, we choose an etrog, preferably free from blemish on the top third of the etrog.  We make sure that the spine of the lulav is straight.  We decorate our sukkah to ensure that the temporary dwelling will be one that is inviting and gives glory to Hashem in this mitzvah performance.  On Erev Pesach, as Rashi explains in Pesachim 99b, we do not eat matza to ensure that the taste of the matza on Leil Pesach will be something we have an appetite for – in this way, we enhance the mitzvah.  We make sure to read from a Torah scroll with a beautiful k’tav (writing) and not to wear a tallit which is stained or ripped.  In this way, we show respect and commitment to Hashem’s mitzvot by making sure that the aesthetic standards are of the highest level.
 
Yet, the Gemara in Shabbat continues on to cite Abba Shaul's opinion. He explains “v’anveihu” to mean “I shall emulate Him” instead of “I shall beautify or glorify Him.”  Abba Shaul is describing that at this moment after witnessing the splitting of the sea, Bnei Yisrael expressed a desire to emulate the qualities that they saw in Hashem’s compassion:  That being kindness, mercy and graciousness.  This was a recognition of Hashem’s consideration for His people.  In that way, the people commit to Imitateo Dei - immitating God.
 
The Menachem Zion (Rav Menachem Bentzion Zaks) appreciates that even though the two perspectives in the Gemara seem to give over differing interpretations on the word v’anveihu, they do not necessarily disagree.  Perhaps, Abba Shaul did understand the idea of “v’anveihu” as glorifying Hashem by making possible the highest aesthetic experience in each mitzvah performance.  But, Abba Shaul is extending this idea beyond the articles that one performs the mitzvah with.  This is not merely on the observance of the mitzvot, but, how it effects a person him or herself.
When a Jew is commited to mitzvah observance, he or she brings glory to Hashem by refining one’s character and acting in a sensitive way towards others.  A religious person brings glory to Hashem not merely in the articles of the mitzvot, but, through the way they show respect, empathy, concern for others.    This is hiddur mitzvah (beautifying a mitzvah).
When we as a people care for the poor, the enslaved, the stranger in our specific communities or throughout the world, we are following Hashem’s example. When the Jewish people become leaders through stellar character and recognized for their character traits of honesty, pleasant demeanor, patience, compassion and consideration for the other, this person brings “glory and beauty” to Hashem’s name. 
However, when a religious Jew speaks disrespectfully of others, is dishonest, is selfish, does not show concern or care for those in need or for those being abused – even when not a Jewish person, humiliates or abuses another, this person brings indignity to oneself and one’s people and dishonors the Name of Hashem.
 
As we conclude the Chag of Pesach, we remember ourselves as strangers in a strange land, who were brought out of slavery via the compassionate hand of God.  We retell this event and recall the wonders that Hashem did for us in Egypt and at the yam suf.  Through this recollection, may we remind ourselves of the commitment we made to Hashem of “v’anveihu” and allow ourselves advance in being individuals devoted to being honest, kind, practicing kavod haBriyot (respect for humanity) and compassionate, enabling us to glorify Hashem’s Name.
 
Shabbat Shalom and Chag Sameach
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