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פרשת ויקרא


 



Shabbat Parshat Vayikra

 7th of Nisan

March 19th-20th, 2021

Candle lighting: 6;48 PM

Havdalah:  7;50 PM

Kiddish Levana (if moon is visible)

The Kehilah of Riverdale

will, BE"H, be davening Shabbat Morning



LOCATION:
The back patio of the home of: 
Jessica and Chad Haller
4503 Fieldston Rd., Bronx, NY 10471

Click here to sign up for Shabbat Morning
Shabbat Parshat Vayikra
7th of Nisan
March 20h at 9:00 am

 ______________________

The Kehilah will be meeting for a little more than an hour, from 9:00am - 10:15 am
We will begin at Nishmat.

If you have any questions or require any further clarification, please feel free to contact Rabbi Dina Najman at 
info@thekehilah.org.



Please note the following details:

The service:

  • The Kehilah will be davening in our satellite location (where we have our sukkah). 
    Located in the back patio of the home of: 

    Jessica and Chad Haller
    4503 Fieldston Rd., Bronx, NY 10471

  • The ba’al Tefilah and ba’al Koreh will be more than 12 ft. away, wearing a mask.

  • The gabaim will call aliyot from their seats.

  • The aliyot will be done, taken one step forward, looking at the Torah and then reciting a Bracha.  Each person called up will ensure that they are at a safe 12 ft. distance from the ba’al korei after taking a step forward.

  • Hagbah and Gelilah will be performed by the ba’al korei.

  • The ba’alei kriyah and ba’alei tefilah who hold the Torah, will do so with gloves on.

 

Protocols in place for those attending davening:

  • We request that anyone who is healthy and has not had known exposure to someone with Covid-19 feel comfortable coming.

  • Anyone can sign up regardless of membership.

  • Those who feel that they can sit or stand in a designated place or section are encouraged to sign up.

  • Chairs will be provided and will be wiped down prior to davening.

  • All attendees must wear masks (including Ba’al tefilah and Ba’al Kriyah)

  • We ask that everyone bring their own siddur and chumash.  If you don't own a siddur or chumash, please let us know and we can loan you one of the shul's for the time being.

  • Please bring your own Tallis.

  • Please bring a warm coat and hat if needed.

  • Please bring your own water bottle or container of a hot beverage.

  • Please make sure to use the bathroom before davening.

  • There will be one bathroom available for emergency only.

  • After Tefilah, there will be no kiddush and no congregating.

  • The davening is weather dependent.  If it is raining, snow, ice or the temperature drops to a dangerous level, please plan on joining us the following week.

 

If you have any questions or comments, please let us know. As we have expressed before, we will continue to reevaluate the situation on a regular basis; we hope to be back to regular davening as soon as possible.

 

Looking forward to our davening together in a safe and meaningful way.

 

Kol tuv,

R’ Dina Najman, Rabbi

Jonathan Konovitch, President

THE KEHILAH WILL CONTINUE TO DAVEN MINCHA/MAARIV WITH COMMUNAL KADDISH ON ZOOM:

Mincha/Maariv: March 21st - March 25th


Davening at 6:50 pm

We will daven privately and have a minyan for those who are saying Kaddish.


Zoom: https://us04web.zoom.us/j/429455694
           
Password:  113089


ALL ARE WELCOME TO JOIN US
SELLING CHAMETZ:

INTRODUCTION FOR THE SALE OF CHAMETZ:
The legal act of designation of the Rabbi as agent for the sale of Chametz, is best performed in a personal meeting with Rabbi Najman by engaging in the act of Kinyan Suddar—a contractual form in Jewish law in which the transfer of a garment (e.g. a handkerchief, keys, etc) from the Rabbi to yourself is a visible manifestation of contractual intent and in which the garment serves as consideration for the contract. 

However, there may be members of the community who will not find it possible to meet personally with the Rabbi. It is for such persons that there will be another form sent on Sunday, with a written contract designating the Rabbi as agent for the sale of chametz provided. If you make use of this form, please fill it in completely and contact Rabbi Najman before the deadline.


RABBI NAJMAN IS AVAILABLE THROUGH TUESDAY, MARCH 23rd AT 8 PM TO ASSIST YOU IN YOUR SALE OF CHAMETZ.

PLEASE DOWNLOAD AND COMPLETE THE DOCUMENT AND CONTACT RABBI NAJMAN TO ARRANGE TIMES TO COMPLETE THE KINYAN (TRANSACTION).

RABBI NAJMAN'S EMAIL:  RK@THEKEHILAH.ORG

OR
CALL RABBI NAJMAN AT 347-331-6432

 
CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD THE M'CHIRAT CHAMETZ DOCUMENT

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD THE OU PASSOVER GUIDE

FOR ANY QUESTIONS, PLEASE EMAIL 
RABBI NAJMAN'S EMAIL:  RK@THEKEHILAH.ORG OR DINA.NAJMAN@GMAIL.COM
JOIN THE KEHILAH FOR EARLY DAVENING NEXT SHABBAT...

PARSHAT TZAV / SHABBAT HAGADOL
MARCH 26TH, 14TH OF NISAN, 5781


SIGN UP TO SECURE A TABLE FOR YOURSELF OR YOUR FAMILY FOR AN EARLY MORNING SEUDAH FOR SHABBOS BY CLICKING
HERE.
(Space is limited, so sign up to reserve your spot for you and your family)
- Each person or family pod will have their own table (socially distant from other tables)

- Choose to have either a fleishig platter or a vegetarian platter for your table.

- There will be platters for each table (options for early lunch will follow in a separate email).

- Deadline for Eating Chametz will be at 10:56 AM

- Make sure to say the Kol Chamira (making all chametz ownereless) by 11:59 AM


- There will be an open tent in case of rain.

- Chametz will be disposed of before 11:59 PM

- Looking forward to seeing you there.
JOIN US FOR PARSHAT HASHAVUA WTH R' JONAH
MONDAY EVENING at 7:30 PM



Zoom: https://us04web.zoom.us/j/429455694
           
Password:  113089



THIS WEEK:  Parshat Tzav

Please join us in welcoming R' Jonah to the Kehilah and in making the time to learn Torah from him.
 

Image result for fruit tree

 
A ONCE A YEAR BRACHA - BIRKAT HAILANOT

Starting in the month of Nisan, there is a bracha
"ברכת האילנות" (the blessing over trees in Bloom),
which is recited.

Rosh Chodesh Nisan marks the beginning of the season for Birkat haIlanot. This Bracha  is recited only once a year extolling Hashem's renewal of creation each year.


THE BRACHA:

When one sees blossoming fruit trees for the first time during the month of Nisan, one should say this blessing:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹקינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁלֹּא חִסַּר בְּעוֹלָמוֹ כְּלוּם וּבָרָא בוֹ בְּרִיּוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבוֹת לֵהָנוֹת בָּהֶם בְּנֵי אָדָם.

Translation: Blessed are You, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has made nothing lacking in His world, and created in it goodly creatures and goodly trees to give mankind pleasure.


Early Sources for this Bracha:
This bracha is spoken about in many early sources, like Brachot 43b, Rokeach (pg. 235), Or Zarua (1:179), Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim, 226), Aruch haShulchan (226:1) and many others.

When to say this Bracha?
The best time to recite this bracha is the first time seeing a fruit tree in bloom during the month of Nisan.  Meaning:  Upon seeing the actual blooming or flowering of the tree.  According the Mishna Brurah, seeing the leaves grow is not enough to recite the bracha - one must see the budding or flowering.  
However, where trees start to bloom in Adar or where they begin to bloom in Iyar or Sivan, the bracha can be said then.  In the countries like Australia, where fruit trees blossom in Tishrei or Cheshvan, the blessing should be said at that time.

If there was a tree which began to bloom in Nisan but a person did not see it until later, he or she may make the bracha the first time he or she has seen the tree, provided that the fruit of the tree has not ripened.  Once the fruit is ripe, the bracha can no longer be recited.
- Along those lines:  If someone saw a tree in bloom but forgot to recite the bracha or was unable to say the bracha, one may say the bracha at a later time, provided that the fruit of the tree has not begun to grow.

Some poskim maintain that this bracha should not be recited on Shabbat or Yom Tov since it may lead to shaking or breaking the branch off the tree.
However, the Shulchan Aruch (OC 336:10) states that we may smell the Hadas attached to a tree on Shabbos, since we are not concerned that the branch will be broken off.  Therefore, most poskim permit saying the bracha on Shabbat or Yom Tov, since we are not concerned that a person will break off a branch while reciting the bracha.
Even for those who customarily recite the bracha only during the week, if the last day of Nisan falls on Shabbat, the Yechave Da'at (1:2) says that one may recite this bracha on Shabbat.

- According to the Tzitz Eliezer (12:20-6), Rav Eliezer Waldenberg, this bracha may be recited at night.

Which Trees require Birkat HaIlanot?
Only on fruit bearing trees.
Even if a tree does not bear fruit and a person said it on that type of tree, he or she does not need to repeat the bracha.

There is a disagreement if one can make the bracha on an Orlah tree (a tree that is not fully 3 years old). Many poskim permit it.

Reciting the Bracha During a Shmita Year:
It is allowed to recite the bracha on a tree during the Shmita year, even if the tree was cultivated and in violation of the Shmita laws.

How Can I Make the Mitzva of Birkat HaIlanot More Beautiful: Hiddur Mitzvah?
1.  Make the bracha on two or more trees ( the two trees do not have to be from different species).
2. Saying the bracha in a the presence of a minyan followed by Kaddish.
(Before hand, V'yehi Noam followed by the Psalm 143 is recited).
3. Trying to say the bracha as ealy as possible (From Rosh Chodesh Nisan)

 

Chodesh Tov!
Become a Kehilah Member or Donate to The Kehilah

Your support is genuinely crucial to our growth and we thank you for it.  If you have yet to become a member or make a donation, please feel free to contribute through one of the following methods:
 
To donate though Paypal use this button



Or-

If you would like to send a personal check or go through a charitable foundation or charitable fund, please 
Send a check made out to "The Kehilah" to:
 
The Kehilah
P.O. Box 78
Bronx, NY 10471
 
Or –
 
Go to our website at: 
 www.thekehilah.org and click on the
Membership tab.

The Kehilah, Inc. is a congregation incorporated under Article 10 of the New York State Religious Corporations Law. Under federal tax code, a contribution to a synagogue which complies with 501(c)(3) requirements is automatically exempt.

 
UPDATED MIKVEH HOURS
 
 
To schedule an appointment at the Riverdale Mikvah, please click here.

Please keep in mind that anyone with COVID-19 symptoms or who have been exposed to a person in their home who is not feeling well are asked to refrain from MIkvah use.
 

Vort for Shabbos:
Parshat Vayikra
 

As we begin reading Sefer Vayikra, we delve right into the sacrificial service which was conducted in the Mishkan.  

When it came to the meal offering, the korban Mincha, Hashem instructs Moshe in Perek ב, Pasuk יא :  

 
 כָּל-הַמִּנְחָה, אֲשֶׁר תַּקְרִיבוּ לַה' לֹא תֵעָשֶׂה, חָמֵץ:  כִּי כָל-שְׂאֹר וְכָל-דְּבַשׁ, לֹא-תַקְטִירוּ מִמֶּנּוּ אִשֶּׁה לַיקוק 
 
"All meal offerings brought near before Hashem should not be prepared leavened, for you shall not cause to go up in smoke from any leavening or any honey as a fire-offering to Hashem." 

This pasuk teaches that the Mincha offering must be simple flour without any foreign ingredient in ti which would be added  to enhance the basic make up of the Korban Mincha.
However, while nothing is to be added to enhance the flavor, two pesukim later, the Torah informs us that there needs to be an addition to the Mincha offering:  SALT.
The Pasuk says:
וְכָל-קָרְבַּן מִנְחָתְךָ, בַּמֶּלַח תִּמְלָח, וְלֹא תַשְׁבִּית מֶלַח בְּרִית אֱלֹקיךָ, מֵעַל מִנְחָתֶךָ; עַל כָּל-קָרְבָּנְךָ, תַּקְרִיב מֶלַח

"'Every meal offering should be seasoned with salt. You should not hold back on the salt on the covenant of Hashem to be lacking from your Mincha.  With all your offerings, you should offer salt."

Here Bnei Yisrael are instructed that they must offer salt. 

The Torah is explaining that here the honey or anything that sweetens is not allowed.  But, salt, which enhances the innate flavors and brings out the flavors rather than masking the flavors, is not only permitted, but, it is obligatory.

Rav Mordecai Gifter explains that salt enhances the natural taste that already exists in the food itself.
When bringing a korban as a form of service to Hashem, a person is looking to come closer to Hashem and uncover one's true essence.  This is a way to develop one's spiritual personality of becoming a true Eved Hashem (servant of God).  
This assists a person on their personal journey of spiritual development and connection to God and to others.  To accomplish this, a person should try hard to not mask who he or she is. Rather, to work hard on representing his or her real self. 

By commanding us to bring the salt, Hashem is reminding us, encouraging us and facilitating our commitment to come close in this sacred service to God. Nowadays, even in the absence of korbanot, the message of becoming our best selves can serve to assist us in allowing our true person to surface, enabling a genuine service to Hashem and deepening our self awareness and personal growth.

Shabbat Shalom.

 

COVID VACCINE UPDATE


Dear Kehilah,
As New York State has entered into Phase 1b of its vaccine distribution, many in our community are now qualified for receiving vaccinations, including those 75 years of age and educators. 
To see if you are eligible, please refer to the list
here.

To make an appointment by phone, please call: 877-829-4692, ;
Phone lines open at 8am. Call early, additional appointments are available daily.

Online resources: 
Below are vaccination booking sites where you can make an appointment. New slots are to open regularly, so keep checking if there are no slots currently available. You may need to keep trying and try different sites.  Please note, you must be in an 
eligible category and you must make an appointment.

Vaccine Finder NYC 
https://vaccinepod.nyc.gov/  
NYC Health and Hospitals
Mt. Sinai
 (7 locations, including St. Luke's at 114th and Amsterdam) 
Go Health (including West 69th Street and Amsterdam location)
Affiliated Physicians

Once you have made an appointment:

  • You will need to complete this forhttps://forms.ny.gov/s3/vaccine
  • Reschedule if not feeling well on the day of your appointment.
  • Wear a mask to your appointment.
  • Bring a government issued ID to your appointment and proof of eligibility (e.g. employee ID card).
  • Be prepared for the possibility of a long wait at the site; appointments made earlier in the day may have a shorter wait.
  • Once vaccinated you still need to obey all COVID-19 prevention steps: stay home if  sick, wash your hands, wear a mask and maintain social distancing.
  • You will be given a card for your records after your first dose. Do not misplace it and we recommend taking a photo of the front and back.
  • You will need to schedule an appointment to receive your second dose 21-28 days later.
 
When getting a shot, one may make the following declaration from Brachot 60a, followed by the bracha "HaTov v'HaMeitiv"
 
=========================
 

״יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה׳ אֱלֹקי שֶׁיְּהֵא עֵסֶק זֶה לִי לִרְפוּאָה, וּתְרַפְּאֵנִי. כִּי אֵל רוֹפֵא נֶאֱמָן אָתָּה וּרְפוּאָתְךָ אֱמֶת, לְפִי שֶׁאֵין דַּרְכָּן שֶׁל בְּנֵי אָדָם לְרַפּאוֹת אֶלָּא שֶׁנָּהֲגוּ״.

May it be Your will, O Lord my God,
that this enterprise be for healing and that You should heal me.
As You are a faithful God of healing and Your healing is truth.
Because it is not the way of people to heal, but they have become accustomed.

Bracha:
ברוך אתה ה׳, הטוב והמטיב

Blessed are You, oh Lord, our God, King of the universe, Who is good and bestows good.

=========================
 
If you have concerns or need assistance making an appointment, please email us at info@thekehilah.org and we will assist you in any way we can.

Thank you to our medical advisor, Dr. Josh Milner and to the Riverdale community for continued assistance surrounding COVID-19 concerns, questions and advice.

May we all hear b'surot tovot,
Rabbi Dina Najman and The Kehilah Board of Trustees
An Environmental Message

Composting:
Why and How should I Compost?


Composting Basics:
Numerous benefits are associated with the use of compost: It can enhance the soil, building up the structure and texture. It increases airflow and water retention. Compost also stabilizes pH levels and supports essential bacteria. Compost allows plants to effectively use nutrients for achieving healthier growth as well. In addition, the organic matter found in compost encourages earthworms, which also help aerate the soil. Other benefits include erosion control and the reduction of soil-borne diseases.

How Does Composting WorK?
How Does Composting Work? Compost is made up of organic materials that break down in the soil, enriching its structure and adding essential nutrients. To understand the composting process, it helps to look at the natural decomposition process found in nature. For instance, wooded areas are filled with organic materials—trees, leaves, etc. Over time these materials slowly decompose, or break down, with the help of micro-organisms and earthworms. Once the materials have decomposed, they turn into humus, an essential element in the production of rich, fertile soil that is also responsible for producing healthy plants.
This process is similar to garden composting. Once decomposition has taken place in the compost pile, the result should be similar to that of humus with a dark, crumbly, soil-like material.

Make Your Own Compost
While composting instructions vary, most share the same basic principles. Generally, passive composting methods are most often used. This method involves small piles of compost contained in a bin, enclosure, or compost containers. These, too, vary with sizes ranging between 5 to 7 feet around (1.5-2.1 m.) and 3 to 4 feet high (0.9-1.2 m.) However, a more manageable size, especially for smaller gardens, may be no larger than 3 by 3 feet (0.9 by 0.9 m.) Nonetheless, it’s easy to tailor your composting system to meet your specific needs. Most compost is made up of organic materials like leaves, garden plants, newspaper, straw, grass clippings, manure, and kitchen scraps. Kitchen waste should include materials like vegetables and fruit peeling, eggshells, coffee grounds, etc. Meat, fat, and bone products should never be added to the compost pile, as they can introduce harmful parasites and attract animals. You should alternate layers of green and brown materials. Green items include grass clippings and kitchen scraps, adding nitrogen to the compost. Brown materials add carbon to compost containers and consist of things like leaves, newspaper, and small woody materials.
Moisture and adequate air circulation are vital for composting. Therefore, they should be kept wet but not soggy. In addition, compost should be frequently turned with a garden fork to aid in aeration as well as speed up the decomposition process.

Depending on the materials used and size of the compost pile, decomposition can take anywhere from weeks or months to a year.


For more information, go to: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/composting/basics/composting-basics.htm

COMMUNITY NEWS:
DOROT Summer Teen Internship
Starting on July 27, the Internship Program brings together a diverse group of teens for four weeks of developing leadership skills and building friendships across generations. Together with older adults, interns create art and documentary film projects, lead discussions on current events, produce radio shows, and so much more. Early admission deadline is Sunday, March 14. For more information, please visit www.RiverdaleY.org/dorot.

Sunday Market Selections
The Riverdale Y Sunday Market is organizing a preorder/pickup service for our customers. We understand that people want fresh food throughout the year, and we appreciate that you want to continue buying that food from your favorite vendors at the Market. For a full list of vendors and information on the pre-order process, please visit www.RiverdaleY.org/sundaymarket.
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