Access arrangements for residential parks are often an area of discussion and dispute, not only between park owners and residents, but also sometimes between residents. On the one hand is the desire or need for security and on the other is the necessity to enable vehicle access for service providers.
For security reasons many residential parks operate a boom gate system, which provides easy access for residents but prevents unauthorised vehicles from entering the park. However, this system can and does pose problems for emergency and home care vehicles, particularly in parks where staffing is only provided for a few hours during the day.
The Tenants’ Union (TU) has heard a number of reports from park residents about the difficulties ambulances face when responding to emergency calls at night. Residents have had to leave seriously ill loved ones and go to the park entrance to let the ambulance in, or wake elderly neighbours and ask them to facilitate access.
The residential park lifestyle has traditionally attracted older people and is commonly marketed at retirees. Whilst many retirees are in good health, the general demographic in parks means that there are many residents who undergo regular medical treatment and may need an ambulance at some point.
The Residential Parks Act 1998 requires park owners to take all reasonable steps to ensure that emergency and home care services have unimpeded vehicle access to the park at all times. Park owners are also required to consult with services and residents about the arrangements and be kept informed of these. Why then do some park owners fail to make appropriate arrangements for emergency service vehicles?
Access problems at Wallacia
Residents of Blaxland Crossing Wallacia Caravan Park are only too aware of problems with emergency vehicle access. The entrance to this park is confusing. There are two boom gates and a third egress point, which is not easily seen from the road and does not appear to provide access to the park. One boom gate is an entrance, one an exit and the third gate is the emergency vehicle access point.
Emergency vehicles cannot access the caravan park through the boom gate because it can only be opened with an electronic key. Residents are unable to facilitate access via the boom gate unless they first ‘swipe out’ through the exit boom gate. Residents who are seriously ill and in need of an ambulance are obviously not in a position to do this.
Ambulances therefore have to use the third gate, which takes them down a driveway into a public reserve. There is no appropriate signage to let them know where to go once they enter, until they have turned a corner and travelled almost 500m down the winding road where a sign tacked to a tree indicates they need to make yet another turn across a paddock. This leads to the back gate into the park. There is again no signage here for the ambulance to give an idea of the park layout or which street they have arrived at.
This arrangement is probably okay during the day when visibility is good and there are likely to be people around. At night though, it poses clear problems. There is no lighting at all in the public reserve or near the gate into the park or even on the street once in the park. The sign on the tree pointing the way across the paddock is difficult to see in the dark.
The operators of this park – the Blaxland Crossing Recreation and Rest Grounds Trust – have stated that the access arrangements are sufficient but residents do not agree. They refer to a number of incidents where the ambulance has struggled to gain access to the park or has taken a long time to find the back gate. They report it is especially difficult for the ambulance to get across the paddock during rain, and on a number of occasions the ambulance has not been able to cross.
The secretary of the Trust did notify emergency services about access to the park in July 2012. The letter stated that the preferred method of entry was through the boom gate and that in the majority of instances the park manager or a resident would facilitate access. However, the park manager is only at the park during the day for four hours and, as described previously, residents are not always able to open the gate.
Many of the residents of this park are elderly folk with health problems and they say that ambulances are often required during the night. One resident who lives alone has had three ambulances already this year. On one occasion he couldn’t breath, but had to find a way to carefully explain how the ambulance could get into the park once it arrived because he was unable to walk up to the boom gate to facilitate access.
Another resident recently called an ambulance at 2am and it turned up at the boom gate and couldn’t get in. She had to walk up to the gate, using her walking frame, to enable the paramedics to treat her.