Monday, February 18, 2019
Thomas J. Dodd Center
**Coffee will be provided
Please join the Human Rights Institute's Economic & Social Rights group for a seminar with Dr. Davis Chacon-Hurtado entitled: "Accessibility to Jobs: A (Human) Right for Everyone? Exploring the role of worker income and workplace characteristics on the journey to work""
Transportation accessibility is defined as the ability or capacity of a location to be reached or the capacity to reach activities and services by individuals. Accessibility to employment is, therefore, influenced not only by the supply of employment opportunities (attractions) but also by the ability of individual stakeholders to reach those job opportunities. Empirical evidence shows that this ability varies significantly with socioeconomic characteristics such as gender or income. However, traditional measures of accessibility in regional infrastructure planning usually assume that all residents of a given planning zone have the same level of accessibility regardless of their socioeconomic status; moreover, the impedance levels are assumed to be the same for all groups. Accounting for this variability is an important aspect of paradigms and regulations that strive for the fair and equitable distribution of benefits and dis-benefits of transportation projects. In that view, this presentation will provide an overview of how accessibility to jobs, reflected in commuting patterns, vary according to socioeconomic characteristics in the US. In addition, it will provide an overview of an alternative modeling approach to overcome the challenge of considering socio-economic characteristics to predict the journey-to-work patterns of individual workers. This approach uses a multinomial logit model paired with an agent-based model and data retrieved from the US Census Transportation Planning Products (CTPP) 5-year database.
Dr. Davis Chacon-Hurtado completed his PhD in Transportation and Infrastructure Systems at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana in 2018. His dissertation looked at the role of transportation infrastructure on building economic resilience in the U.S. Great Lakes Regions. He grew up in Cusco, Perú where he obtained his B.S. in Civil Engineering at the University of San Antonio Abad of Cusco. He also earned an MSCE degree from the University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez.
His scholarship has appeared in the International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Transportation Research Record, and the ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part A: Systems. His research interests include the evaluation of transportation systems; transportation planning; economic resilience; environmental justice, equity, and human rights; GIS-based spatial analysis, and sustainable transportation planning in developing countries. Davis was awarded the College of Engineering Outstanding Service Scholarship at Purdue University (2017), the Eldon J. Yoder Memorial Award for Outstanding Graduate Student in Transportation Engineering (2017), and the Outstanding Graduate Student Award in the Lyles School of Civil Engineering at Purdue University (2018). In his free time, Davis enjoys traveling, hiking, and cooking with friends.